Writers in Movies

by angeliki_spatki | created - 31 Mar 2011 | updated - 5 months ago | Public

Writers on screen - Creative Pen (All Times, Global)

1. John Steinbeck

Writer | The Grapes of Wrath

John Steinbeck was the third of four children and the only son born to John Ernst and Olive Hamilton Steinbeck. His father was County Treasurer and his mother, a former schoolteacher. John graduated from Salinas High School in 1919 and attended classes at Stanford University, leaving in 1925 ...

"Grapes of Rage" 1940 by John Ford - US, East of Eden Novel by Elia Kazan GR-US

2. Mark Twain

Writer | Lionizing Murderers

Mark Twain, born Samuel Langhorne Clemens in Florida, Missouri in 1835, grew up in Hannibal. He was a steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River. Throughout his career, Twain served as a writer, lecturer, reporter, editor, printer, and prospector. Twain took his pen name from an alert cry used on his...

novelist US - The Adventures of Tom Sawyer 1938 by Norman Taurog

3. William Shakespeare

Writer | M the Movie

William Shakespeare's birthdate is assumed from his baptism on April 25. His father John was the son of a farmer who became a successful tradesman; his mother Mary Arden was gentry. He studied Latin works at Stratford Grammar School, leaving at about age 15. About this time his father suffered an ...

The Taming of the Shrew 1967 by Franco Jeffirelli, King Lear UK

4. Walter Scott

Writer | Ivanhoe

Sir Walter Scott was born August 15, 1771, in Edinburgh, Scotland, as the ninth child (and the fourth surviving) of Walter Scott, a solicitor, and his wife Anne Rutherford. Polio, contracted when he was two, resulted in a crippled left leg, but even this illness did not prevent Scott from growing ...

(with Robert Taylor as) Ivanohe, the "Dark Knight" (1952) UK

5. Jane Austen

Writer | Sense and Sensibility

Jane Austen was born on December 16th, 1775, to the local rector, Rev. George Austen (1731-1805), and Cassandra Leigh (1739-1827). She was the seventh of eight children. She had one older sister, Cassandra. In 1783 she went to Southampton to be taught by a relative, Mrs. Cawley, but was brought ...

Pride and Prejudice 2005, by Joe Wright, Sense and Sensibility 1995, by Ang Lee - Novelist UK

6. Charles Dickens

Writer | Great Expectations

Charles Dickens' father was a clerk at the Naval Pay Office, and because of this the family had to move from place to place: Plymouth, London, Chatham. It was a large family and despite hard work, his father couldn't earn enough money. In 1823 he was arrested for debt and Charles had to start ...

novelist UK

7. Oscar Wilde

Writer | The Picture of Dorian Gray

A gifted poet, playwright and wit, Oscar Wilde was a phenomenon in 19th-century England. He was illustrious for preaching the importance of style in life and art, and of attacking Victorian narrow-mindedness.

Wilde was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1854. He studied at Trinity College in Dublin before ...

(Playwright, Novelist "The Portrait of Dorian Gray" 2009, by Oliver Parker, The Importence of being Earnest 2002, by Oliver Parker, An Ideal Husband 2000 by William Cartlidge, "An Ideal Husband" 1999, by Oliver Parker (Director, Screenwriter) - UK

8. Tennessee Williams

Writer | A Streetcar Named Desire

Tennessee Williams met long-term partner Frank Merlo in the summer of 1948 (Merlo died of lung cancer in the fall of 1963). Though separated briefly in 1961 and again in 1962, the two were partners for 15 years. Merlo acted as his personal manager/secretary.

Williams spent much of his most prolific ...

Playwright Wrote many plays which have been transfered to cinema: The Roman Spring of Mrs Stone, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, A street car named desire, Suddenly Last Summer, Sweet Bird of Youth etc. - US

9. Norman Mailer

Writer | Tough Guys Don't Dance

Norman Mailer, the Brooklyn-born and -bred writer who fought for what he characterized as the "heavyweight championship" of American letters after the 1961 death of Ernest Hemingway, never came close to his dream of writing the Great American novel, but he was a colossus of American culture and ...

Novelist US

10. Truman Capote

Actor | Murder by Death

Truman Capote was born on September 30, 1924 in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA as Truman Streckfus Persons. He was a writer and actor, known for Murder by Death (1976), Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961) and The Innocents (1961) (1961). He died on August 25, 1984 in Los Angeles, California, USA.

Breakfast at Tiffany's 1961, In Cold Blood 1964, by Alfred Hitchcock, Truman Capote 2005 (his life) by Benett Millier - New Orleans, Louisiana, US

11. Michael Ondaatje

Writer | The English Patient

Michael Ondaatje was born on September 12, 1943 in Colombo, Ceylon as Philip Michael Ondaatje. He is a writer, known for The English Patient (1996), Elimination Dance (1998) and The Offering (1966). He is married to Linda Spaulding.

The English Patient 1996, by Anthony Minghella (won Oscar), The Cinnamon Pealer (short) (poem) - Colombo, LK (Sri Lanka)

12. Christopher Hampton

Writer | Dangerous Liaisons

Christopher Hampton was born on January 26, 1946 in Faial, Açores, Portugal as Christopher James Hampton. He is a writer, known for Dangerous Liaisons (1988), Atonement (2007) and The Quiet American (2002). He has been married to Laura de Holesch since 1971. They have two children.

PR (born), US

13. Edward Albee

Writer | A Delicate Balance

Edward Albee was born on March 12, 1928 in Washington, District of Columbia, USA as Edward Franklin Albee III. He was a writer, known for A Delicate Balance (1973), Nijinsky: Unfinished Project (1970) and National Theatre Live: Edward Albee's Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (2017). He died on ...

Playwright Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf - US

14. Ernest Hemingway

Writer | To Have and Have Not

Ernest Hemingway was an American writer who won the Pulitzer Prize (1953) and the Nobel Prize in Literature (1954) for his novel The Old Man and the Sea, which was made into a 1958 film The Old Man and the Sea (1958).

He was born into the hands of his physician father. He was the second of six ...

"For whom the Bell Tolls" 1943, "To have or have not" 1944, "A Farewell to Arms" 1957, "The Old man and the Sea" 1958 - Illinois US (1899-1961) Idaho, US

15. Jean-Claude Carrière

Writer | The Unbearable Lightness of Being

Jean-Claude Carrière was born on September 19, 1931 in Colombières-sur-Orb, Hérault, France as Jean-Claude François Carrière. He is a writer and actor, known for The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988), The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972) and Happy Anniversary (1962).

Scriptwriter La Piscine (1969) - FR

16. Agatha Christie

Writer | Witness for the Prosecution

Agatha was born as "Agatha Mary Clarissa Miller" in 1890 to Frederick Alvah Miller and Clara Boehmer. Agatha was of American and British descent, her father being American and her mother British. Her father was a relatively affluent stockbroker. Agatha received home education from early childhood ...

17. Arthur Miller

Writer | The Crucible

Arthur Asher Miller was born on October 17, 1915, in New York City, one of three children born to Augusta (nee Barnett) and Isidore Miller. His family was of Austrian Jewish descent. His father manufactured women's coats, but his business was devastated by the Depression, seeding his son's ...

Playwright The Mishifts 1961 by John Huston, The Death of a Salesman 1985, Everybody Wins 1990 The Crusible 1996 by Nicholas Hytner - US

18. Henry Miller

Writer | Stille dage i Clichy

Henry Miller was born on December 26, 1891 in New York City, New York, USA as Henry Valentine Miller. He was a writer and actor, known for Quiet Days in Clichy (1970), Jours tranquilles à Clichy (1990) and Tropic of Cancer (1970). He was married to Hoki Tokuda, Evelyn Byrd (Keven) McClure, ...

Novelist "Quite Days in Clichy" US

19. D.H. Lawrence

Writer | The Plainclothesman

David Herbert Lawrence was born in Nottinghamshire, England, 11 September 1885. His father was a coal miner, his mother a genteel woman who sought education and refinement for her son. Lawrence earned a university degree and taught school for a short time. While still a student he began to publish ...

Novelist "Sons and Lovers" UK

20. August Strindberg

Writer | Synd

He started to study at the Uppsala University but dropped out to pursue an economically unstable career as a journalist. In 1872 he published the first of his many masterpieces, 'Mäster Olof'. In 1874 he got a position at the Royal Library in Stockholm, which enabled him to marry 'Siri von Essen'. ...

playwright SE

21. Théophile Gautier

Writer | Madamigella di Maupin

Founded the doctrine of "Art for Art's sake," and proclaimed it in the preface to his 1835 novel "Mademoiselle de Maupin."

Dame aux Camelias, My Fair Lady FR

22. Gustave Flaubert

Writer | Salammbo

Gustave Flaubert was born on December 12, 1821, in Rouen, Seine-Inférieure, France. His father was a Medical Doctor and practiced surgery in Rouen, in Hôtel-Dieu (where Flaubert was born). His mother was from an aristocratic Norman family. Young Flaubert received a good private education with ...

Mme Bovary FR

23. Erich Maria Remarque

Writer | A Time to Love and a Time to Die

The German novelist Erich Maria Remarque was born in Osnabrück in 1898. His first novel, the famous anti-war epic All Quiet on the Western Front (1930), was written based on his experiences as a soldier in WWI, and published in 1929. He moved to Switzerland until 1939 and later emigrated to the US....

"Arc de Triomphe", "Promissed Land", Bobby Deerfield by Sydney Pollack (1977) DE

24. Colette

Writer | Gigi

Colette was born on January 28, 1873 in Saint-Sauveur-en-Puisaye, Yonne, France as Sidonie Gabrielle Colette. She was a writer, known for Gigi (1958), Chéri (2009) and Claudine (1913). She was married to Maurice Goudeket, Henri de Jouvenel des Ursins and Willy. She died on August 3, 1954 in ...

Chéri FR

25. Stendhal

Writer | The Red and the Black

A foremost French writer of the Romantic era, Stendhal was born Marie-Henri Beyle in Grenoble, France in 1783. A loyal Bonapartist he followed Napoleon closely during his military campaigns Stendhal's novels reflect his intense love of Italy, his political convictions and the moral and ...

"Le Rouge et le Noir", "Parma's Monastery" FR

26. Emily Brontë

Writer | Wuthering Heights

The dreamiest of the talented Brontë clan, Emily Jane Brontë was born in 1818. Her mother died when she was barely more than a toddler, and Emily and her younger sister, Anne, became very close. Along with their other siblings, 'Charlotte Bronte' and Branwell Bronte, they invented the make-believe ...

"Weathering Heights" UK

27. Charlotte Brontë

Writer | Jane Eyre

Charlotte was born 1816, the third of the six children of Patrick Brontë, an Anglican clergyman, and his wife Maria Branwell Brontë. After their mother's death in 1821, Charlotte and her sisters, Maria and Elizabeth, were sent to Cowan Bridge Clergy Daughters' School, which Charlotte would later ...

"Jane Eyre" UK

28. Margaret Mitchell

Writer | Gone with the Wind

Margaret Mitchell was born on November 8, 1900 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA as Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell. She is known for her work on Gone with the Wind (1939), Luan shi yao ji (1956) and E o Vento Levou (1956). She was married to John R. Marsh and Berrien Kinnard "Red" Upshaw. She died on August 16...

"Gone with the Wind" - US

29. Vladimir Nabokov

Writer | Lolita

Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov was born on April 22, 1899, the eldest of five children in a wealthy aristocratic family in St. Petersburg, Russia. His grandfather was a Justice Minister to the Czar Alexander II. His father, named Vladimir Dmitrievich Nabokov, was a liberal political leader, the ...

"Lolita" RU

30. Albert Camus

Writer | The Misunderstanding

Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Mondovi, Algeria. His parents were Spanish-French-Algerian (pied noir) colonists. His father, named Lucien Camus died in the Battle of Marne (1914) during WWI. His mother, named Catherine Helene Sintes was of Spanish origin, she was a mute deaf, due to ...

La Peste 1992, The Stranger Lo Staniero 1967 by Luchino Visconti - 1913 - 1960 DZ

31. Bertolt Brecht

Writer | Die Dreigroschenoper

Bertolt Brecht was born on 10 February 1898 in Augsburg, Germany and one of the country's most influential poets, playwrights and screenwriters. His most famous work was the musical "The Threepenny Opera" (with Kurt Weill), but his dramas such as "Mother Courage and Her Children" or "The Good ...

Playwright "The circle with the writing chalk" - DE

32. Leo Tolstoy

Writer | Anna Karenina

Count Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy was born on September 9, 1828, in his ancestral estate Yasnaya Polyana, South of Moscow, Russia. He was the fourth of five children in a wealthy family of Russian landed Gentry. His parents died when he was a child, and he was brought up by his elder brothers and ...

Anna Karenina 1967 - RU

33. Fyodor Dostoevsky

Writer | The Double

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky was born on November 11, 1821, in Moscow, Russia. He was the second of seven children of Mikhail Andreevich and Maria Dostoevsky. His father, a doctor, was a member of the Russian nobility, owned serfs and had a considerable estate near Moscow where he lived with his ...

"The Gambler" 1997, "The Idiot" 1958 by Ivan Pyryev - (Prince Myshkin), "Karamazof Brothers" 1958, "Crime and Punishment" - RU

34. Émile Zola

Writer | Bakjwi

Émile Zola was born on April 2, 1840, in Paris, France. His father was an Italian engineer. Young Zola studied at the Collége Bourbon in Provence, where his schoolmate and friend was Paul Cezanne. In 1858 Zola returned to Paris and became a student at the Lycée Saint-Louis, from which he graduated ...

Nana FR

35. Paul Osborn

Writer | East of Eden

The cast of "Morning's at Seven" at the Ahmanson Theatre in Los Angeles, California was awarded the 2002 Back Stage Garland Award for Outstanding Ensemble Performance.

Playwright "Raged Youth" (Οργισμένα Νειάτα), East of Eden Script US

36. Françoise Sagan

Writer | Les fougères bleues

Françoise Sagan was born on June 21, 1935 in Cajarc, Lot, France as Françoise Quoirez. She was a writer and actress, known for Les fougères bleues (1977), Bonjour Tristesse (1958) and Goodbye Again (1961). She was married to Robert Westhoff and Guy Schoeller. She died on September 24, 2004 ...

"Bonjour Tristesse", "La Chamade", "Aimez-vous Brahms?" - FR

37. Marguerite Duras

Writer | Le camion

Ms. Duras was born in southern Vietnam and lost her father at age 4. The family savings of 20 years bought the family a small plot in Cambodia, but everything was lost in a single season's flooding. The disaster killed her mother as a result. After high school in Saigon, Ms. Duras left Indochina to...

'Indochine' 1992, "L' Amant" 1992 - South VN, expatriated, FR

38. Federico García Lorca

Writer | Shooting Bernarda

Federíco Garcia Lorca was born in the south of Spain (Andalusia) in 1898 and soon became the region's most famous artist. A poet, playwright, artist, musician and lecturer, he wrote groundbreaking plays such as 'Blood Wedding' and 'Yerma'. His support of the Spanish Republic in the 1930s led to his...

Poet, Playwright The House of Bernarda Aba ES

39. Alberto Moravia

Writer | Le mépris

Alberto Moravia was born on November 22, 1907 in Rome, Lazio, Italy as Alberto Pincherle. He was a writer and actor, known for Contempt (1963), L'occhio selvaggio (1967) and From a Roman Balcony (1960). He was married to Carmen Llera and Elsa Morante. He died on September 26, 1990 in Rome.

"La Noia" 1963, Il Conformista 1970, Ieri Oggi Domani 1963, Le Mépris (Contempt) 1963, Two Women (La Ciociara) 1960 - IT

40. Henri-Pierre Roché

Writer | Jules et Jim

French author, diarist, journalist, as well as an art collector and dealer. His two autobiographical novels were turned into successful films by Francois Truffaut.

FR

41. Choderlos de Laclos

Writer | Dangerous Liaisons

A career army officer, he was made a brigadier general by Napoléon Bonaparte.

FR

42. Prosper Mérimée

Writer | Carmen

Prosper Mérimée has published a book of his one-act plays with the nickname 'Clara Gazul, an actress' and his own portrait as a woman on its cover.

FR

43. Eugène Ionesco

Actor | Ariane

In 1909, Eugen Ionescu was born in Slatina, Romania to a lawyer, Eugen Ionescu Sr. and a French lady by the name of Therese Zicard. In 1913 they moved to France, but in 1924 when his parents divorced, he returned with his father to Romania. He studied in Craiova and in 1929 he attended the ...

RO

44. James Agee

Writer | The African Queen

James Agee, Pulitzer Prize winning author, was born in Knoxville in 1909. The intense writer was to enjoy little real success in his lifetime, but after death won accolades. In 1958 he won the Pulitzer Prize in fiction for his uncompleted biographical novel A Death in the Family. Agee also wrote ...

US

45. F. Scott Fitzgerald

Writer | The Curious Case of Benjamin Button

"There are no second acts in American lives," wrote F. Scott Fitzgerald, who himself went from being the high priest of the Jazz Age to a down-and-out alcoholic within the space of 20 years, but not before giving the world several literary masterpieces, the most famous of which is "The Great Gatsby...

46. E.M. Forster

Writer | Howards End

E.M. Forster was born on January 1, 1879 in London, England as Edward Morgan Forster. He was a writer, known for Howards End (1992), A Room with a View (1985) and The Machine Stops (2009). He died on June 7, 1970 in Coventry, Warwickshire, England.

Novelist "Howards End" (1910): "Dear Helen it is not what we expected. It's old, little but marvelous - all in red brick..." - UK

47. Nikos Kazantzakis

Writer | The Last Temptation of Christ

Nikos Kazantzakis was born in Heraklion, Crete (Greece). He studied Law in Athens and in Paris, but soon he studied philosophy and literature. He travelled almost everywhere; he learnt many foreign languages and left his scientific research for Nitsche. At philosophy: "Ascetics" (Salvatores Dei, ...

Novelist, Essayist "Zorba the Greek" GR

48. Harold Pinter

Writer | Sleuth

Harold Pinter, the 2005 Nobel Laureate for Literature, was born October 10, 1930, in London's working-class Hackney district to Hyman and Frances Pinter, Eastern European Jews who had immigrated to the United Kingdom from Portugal. Hyman (known as "Jack") was a tailor specializing in women's ...

Playwright "The Servant" - UK

49. Paul Bowles

Writer | The Sheltering Sky

Composer and author, educated at the University of Virginia, he studied with Aaron Copland and Virgil Thomson, and received Guggenheim and Rockefeller grants. Paul Bowles joined ASCAP in 1945, and he researched folk music in Spain, North Africa, the Antilles, and South and Central America. He lived...

"Sheltering Sky" 1990, by B. Bertolucci - UK

50. William Makepeace Thackeray

Writer | Barry Lyndon

William Makepeace Thackeray was born on July 18, 1811 in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India. He was a writer, known for Barry Lyndon (1975), Pierscien i róza (1987) and Vanity Fair (1932). He was married to Isabella Gethin Shawe. He died on December 24, 1863 in London, England.

UK

51. Tonino Guerra

Writer | Amarcord

Legendary Italian screenwriter was born Antonio Guerra on the 16th of March 1920 in Sant'Arcangelo, Italy, south of Ravenna. He wrote several short stories, poetry and novels and in 1956 his first screenplay "Man and Wolves" (co-written by Elio Petri) was directed by Giuseppe De Santis. Three years...

Srciptwriter "La Dolce Vita" IT

52. Virginia Woolf

Writer | Orlando

London-born Virginia Woolf came from a wealthy family and, unlike her brothers, received her education at home, an unusual step for the times. Her parents had both had children from previous marriages, so she grew up with a variety of siblings, stepbrothers and stepsisters. Her father was a ...

Novelist Hours UK

53. Thomas Hardy

Writer | Far from the Madding Crowd

Thomas Hardy was born on June 2, 1840 in Upper Bockhampton, Dorset, England. He was a writer, known for Far from the Madding Crowd (2015), Tess (1979) and Far from the Madding Crowd (1967). He was married to Florence Emily Dugdale and Emma Lavinia Gifford. He died on January 11, 1928 in Dorchester,...

Jude 1996 - UK

54. Henry James

Writer | What Maisie Knew

Henry James was born 15 April 1843, to a wealthy family. He was born in New York, New York USA. His parents were Henry James Sr. and Mary Robertson Walsh; He had one brother William James (January 11 1842-August 26 1910) and one sister Alice James. When Henry James was a young boy he would enjoy ...

UK

55. Daphne Du Maurier

Writer | The Birds

Daphne Du Maurier was one of the most popular English writers of the 20th Century, when middle-brow genre fiction was accorded a higher level of respect in a more broadly literate age. For her services to literature, she was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1969, the ...

"Rebecca" UK

56. Eugene O'Neill

Writer | Kali bazrobidan

Eugene O'Neill, the winner of four Pulitzer Prizes for Drama and the 1936 Nobel Prize for Literature, is widely considered the greatest American playwright. No one, not Maxwell Anderson, Tennessee Williams, Arthur Miller, nor Edward Albee, approaches O'Neill in terms of his artistic achievement or ...

"A long day's journey into the night" US

57. William Inge

Writer | Splendor in the Grass

William (Motter) Inge brought small-town life in the American Midwest to Broadway with four successive dramatic triumphs: "Come Back Little Sheba" (1950), "Picnic" (1953; Pulitzer Prize), "Bus Stop" (1955) and "The Dark at the Top of the Stairs" (1957). With the exception of his Academy ...

"Splendor in the Grass", transfered by Elias Kazan US

58. Anthony Shaffer

Writer | Sleuth

Anthony Shaffer was born on May 15, 1926 in Liverpool, England as Anthony Joshua Shaffer. He is known for his work on Sleuth (1972), The Wicker Man (1973) and Frenzy (1972). He was married to Diane Cilento and Carolyn Soley. He died on November 6, 2001 in London, England.

Playwright Equs UK

59. Arthur Schnitzler

Writer | Eyes Wide Shut

Arthur Schnitzler was born on May 15, 1862 in Vienna, Austrian Empire. He was a writer, known for Eyes Wide Shut (1999), The Affairs of Anatol (1921) and Il cavaliere, la morte e il diavolo (1983). He was married to Olga Gussmann. He died on October 21, 1931 in Vienna, Austria.

Eyes Wide Shut transfered by Stanley Kubrick AT

60. John Braine

Writer | Room at the Top

John Braine was born on April 13, 1922 in Bradford, Yorkshire, England. He was a writer, known for Room at the Top (1959), The Jealous God (2005) and Man at the Top (1970). He died on October 28, 1986 in London, England.

61. Thomas Mann

Writer | Le mirage

Thomas Mann was probably Germany's most influential author of the 20th century, receiving the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1929. Born on 6 June 1875 in Lübeck, his family moved to Munich in 1893, where he lived until 1933 and wrote some of his most successful novels like "Buddenbrocks" (1901), "...

"Death in Venice" transfered by Luchino Visconti DE

62. Rudy Wurlitzer

Writer | Candy Mountain

Rudy Wurlitzer was born in 1938. He is a writer and actor, known for Candy Mountain (1987), Two-Lane Blacktop (1971) and Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid (1973).

"Homo Faber", "Little Buddha" DE

63. Peter Shaffer

Writer | Amadeus

Educated St Paul's School & Trinity College, Cambridge. Worked in Aquisitions Dept. of New York Public Library and for music publisher Boosey & Hawkes before finding fame as playwright.

Playwright Equs UK

64. Marcel Pagnol

Writer | La fille du puisatier

Marcel Pagnol was born on February 28, 1895 in Aubagne, Bouches-du-Rhône, France as Marcel Paul Pagnol. He was a writer and producer, known for The Well-Digger's Daughter (1940), Heartbeat (1938) and La prière aux étoiles (1941). He was married to Jacqueline Pagnol and Simone Collin. ...

"Jean de Florette", "Manon des Sources" - FR

65. Stieg Larsson

Writer | The Girl in the Spider's Web

Stieg Larsson's three novels (collectively known as "The Millennium Series") were published posthumously, and each became a feature film. They were entitled (for the American market) The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (originally published in 2005), The Girl Who Played with Fire (originally published ...

66. Vasilis Vasilikos

Writer | Mikres Afrodites

Vasilis Vasilikos was born on November 18, 1934 in Kavala, Thasos, Greece. He is a writer and actor, known for Young Aphrodites (1963), Z (1969) and Shanghai (2012).

Z GR

Novelist Greek origine novelist, living in France

68. Leon Trotsky

Self | The Assassination of Trotsky

Communist leader. He was chief theorist, a leader in both the 1905 and 1917 Russian Revolutions alongside V.I. Lenin. As commissar for foreign affairs, Trotsky arranged the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany. He next became head of the Red Army during the Russian Civil War, which resulted in the ...

RU

69. Patricia Highsmith

Writer | The Talented Mr. Ripley

Patricia Highsmith was born on January 19, 1921 in Fort Worth, Texas, USA as Mary Patricia Plangman. She was a writer, known for The Talented Mr. Ripley (1999), Strangers on a Train (1951) and The Two Faces of January (2014). She died on February 4, 1995 in Locarno, Switzerland.

Novelist Patricia Highsmith (1921–1995) - "The Talented Mr Ripley", "The two faces of January" - US

70. Pearl S. Buck

Writer | The Big Wave

Daughter of Christian missionaries, Pearl Buck was reared and educated in China. She received her university education in America but returned to China in the mid-1910s. She became a university instructor and writer, eventually authoring novels about China, some of which were turned into Hollywood ...

US

71. Betty Smith

Writer | A Tree Grows in Brooklyn

Betty Smith was born on December 15, 1896 in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, USA as Elisabeth Wehner. She was a writer, known for A Tree Grows in Brooklyn (1945), Joy in the Morning (1965) and Hour Glass (1946). She died on January 17, 1972.

US

72. Guy de Maupassant

Writer | Masculin féminin

Guy de Maupassant was born on August 5, 1850 in Château de Miromesnil, France as Henry-René-Albert-Guy de Maupassant. He was a writer, known for Masculin Féminin (1966), Ce cochon de Morin (1924) and The Woman Disputed (1928). He died on July 6, 1893 in Paris, France.

"Belami" - FR

73. Marcel Proust

Writer | Un amour de Swann

Marcel Proust was a French intellectual, author and critic, best known for his seven-volume fiction 'In search of Lost Time'. He coined the term "involuntary memory", which became also known as "Proust effect" in modern psychology.

He was born Valentin Louis Georges Eugéne Marcel Proust, on July 10, ...

"D' a côté de chez Swan", "Time Regained" 1999 - FR

74. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Writer | Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was a Russian writer who was imprisoned for his criticism of the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, and later exposed Stalin's prison system in his novels and spent 20 years in exile.

He was born Aleksandr Isaakovich Solzhenitsyn on December 11, 1918, in Kislovodsk, Southern ...

"A day in the life of Ivan Denisovitch" - RU

75. Boris Pasternak

Writer | Doctor Zhivago

Boris Pasternak was born in Moscow on February 10, 1890 into an artistic family of Russian-Jewish heritage. His father was an acclaimed artist named Leonid Pasternak, who converted to Christianity, and his mother was a renown concert pianist named Rosa Kaufman. Their home was open to family friends...

"Doctor Zhivago" - RU

76. Jean Anouilh

Writer | Le voyageur sans bagages

Jean Anouilh was born on June 23, 1910 in Bordeaux, Gironde, France as Jean Marie Lucien Pierre Anouilh. He was a writer and director, known for Le voyageur sans bagages (1944), Two Pennies Worth of Violets (1951) and Monsoon (1952). He was married to Nicole Lançon and Monelle Valentin. He died on ...

"Thomas Becket" with Richard Burton as Archibishop of Canterburry, "Jeanne d' Arc" - FR

77. William Faulkner

Writer | To Have and Have Not

William Faulkner, one of the 20th century's most gifted novelists, wrote for the movies in part because he could not make enough money from his novels and short stories to support his growing number of dependants. The author of such acclaimed novels as "The Sound and the Fury" and "Absalom, Absalom...

"As I lay Dying" 2013 - New Albany, Mississippi, US

78. Alexandre Dumas fils

Writer | Traviata '53

French novelist and playwright, chiefly known for his 1848 novel "Camille", which appeared as a play four years later and has been filmed many times.

"Camille Claudel" 1988 FR

79. Bernard Malamud

Writer | The Natural

Celebrated writer Bernard Malamud was born in Brooklyn, NY, in 1914. He was educated at the City College of New York (CCNY) and New York's Columbia University, from which he graduated with an M.A. in 1942. After graduation he was a high-school English teacher for most of the rest of the decade and ...

The Natural 1984 - An average baseball player becomes a legend in that game, The Model 1994, Short - Brooklyn, New York US

80. W. Somerset Maugham

Writer | Quartet

Popular British novelist, playwright, short-story writer and the highest-paid author in the world in the 1930s, Somerset Maugham graduated in 1897 from St. Thomas' Medical School and qualified as a doctor, but abandoned medicine after the success of his first novels and plays. During World War I he...

81. Neil Simon

Writer | The Odd Couple

Neil Simon was born on July 4, 1927 in The Bronx, New York City, New York, USA as Marvin Neil Simon. He was a writer and producer, known for The Odd Couple (1968), Murder by Death (1976) and The Goodbye Girl (1977). He was married to Elaine Joyce, Diane Lander, Marsha Mason and Joan Baim. He died ...

The Odd Couple 1968 (play), Barefoot in the Park 1967 (play) - US

82. Ian McEwan

Writer | Atonement

Ian McEwan was born on June 21, 1948 in Aldershot, Hampshire, England as Ian Russell McEwan. He is a writer and producer, known for Atonement (2007), The Good Son (1993) and Enduring Love (2004). He has been married to Annalena McAfee since 1997. He was previously married to Penny Allen.

Atonement 2007 (novel) - UK

83. Knut Hamsun

Writer | Poslední radost

Norwegian novelist Knut Hamsun was born to a poor family and sent to live with an uncle, a commercial fisherman. He grew up without any formal schooling. Hamsun left Norway for the U.S. twice: once in 1882, and again in 1886. Each time he stayed in the U.S. for two years, holding various jobs ...

Hunger NO

84. Raymond Queneau

Writer | Monsieur Ripois

Raymond Queneau was born on February 21, 1903 in Le Havre, Seine-Inférieure [now Seine-Maritime], France. He was a writer, known for Lovers, Happy Lovers! (1954), The Big Scare (1964) and Death in the Garden (1956). He was married to Jeannine Kahn. He died on October 25, 1976 in Paris, France.

85. Edmonde Charles-Roux

Writer | Coco avant Chanel

Edmonde Charles-Roux was born on April 17, 1920 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France. She was a writer, known for Coco Before Chanel (2009), The Palermo Connection (1990) and La traversée du désir (2009). She was married to Gaston Defferre. She died on January 20, 2016 in ...

French Novelist, Essayist Coco avant Chanel 2007 (Novel) - FR

86. Pierre Drieu La Rochelle

Writer | Le feu follet

When Antone de Saint-Exupéry was about to leave Vichy to go to America during WW2 he had to go to Paris to collect some papers. He accepted a ride (his last visit to Paris) from Drieu La Rochelle not know he was one of the most notorious literary collaborators. Drieu La Rochelle was so compromised ...

Le Feu Follet 1963 by Louis Malle, Oslo 2012 - FR

87. Joachim Fest

Writer | Der Untergang

Joachim Fest was born on December 8, 1926 in Berlin, Germany as Joachim Clemens Fest. He is known for his work on Downfall (2004), Hitler: A career (1977) and Adolf Hitler - Versuch eines Porträts (1969). He was married to Ingrid Ascher. He died on September 11, 2006 in Kronberg im Taunus, ...

Downfall 2003 (Novel) DE

88. Ruth Prawer Jhabvala

Writer | Howards End

Ruth Prawer Jhabvala was born on May 7, 1927 in Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany as Ruth Prawer. She was a writer, known for Howards End (1992), A Room with a View (1985) and The Remains of the Day (1993). She was married to Cyrus Jhabvala. She died on April 3, 2013 in Manhattan, New York ...

89. Kazuo Ishiguro

Writer | The Remains of the Day

Kazuo Ishiguro was born on November 8, 1954 in Nagasaki, Japan. He is a writer and producer, known for The Remains of the Day (1993), Never Let Me Go (2010) and The Saddest Music in the World (2003). He has been married to Lorna Anne MacDougall since 1986. They have one child.

Novelist Never let me go 2010, The White Countess 2005, The Remains of the Day 1993 - Nagasaki JP

90. Christopher Isherwood

Writer | Cabaret

Christopher Isherwood was born on August 26, 1904 in Cheshire, England as William Bradshaw Isherwood. He was a writer and actor, known for Cabaret (1972), A Single Man (2009) and Frankenstein: The True Story (1973). He died on January 4, 1986 in Santa Monica, California, USA.

91. Tony Kushner

Writer | Lincoln

Tony Kushner's play "Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes" earned him the Pulitzer Prize, among many other awards. His other acclaimed plays include "Slavs", "Homebody/Kabul" and "Caroline, or Change". He has collaborated with children's author and illustrator Maurice Sendak on ...

Playwright Wrestling with Angels, Lincoln

92. John Fowles

Writer | The French Lieutenant's Woman

John Fowles was born on March 31, 1926 in Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, England as John Robert Fowles. He was a writer and actor, known for The French Lieutenant's Woman (1981), The Collector (1965) and Bilanggo sa dilim (1986). He was married to Sarah Smith and Elizabeth Whitton. He died on November 5, ...

Novelist The Magus 1962 - Essex UK

Diary of Anna Frank

94. Ben Hecht

Writer | Notorious

Ben Hecht, one of Hollywood's and Broadway's greatest writers, won an Oscar for best original story for Underworld (1927) at the first Academy Awards in 1929 and had a hand in the writing of many classic films. He was nominated five more times for the best writing Oscar, winning (along with writing...

Scriptwright (Notorious / 1946)

95. Roland Barthes

Actor | Les soeurs Brontë

Roland Barthes was born on November 12, 1915 in Cherbourg, France. He was a writer, known for The Brontë Sisters (1979), Mouvements du désir (1994) and Let the Sunshine In (2017). He died on March 25, 1980 in Paris, France.

Novelist Un bon soleil 2017

96. Victor Hugo

Writer | Les Misérables

Although Hugo was fascinated by poems from childhood on, he spent some time on the polytechnic university of Paris until he dedicated all his work to literature. He was one of the few authors who were allowed to reach popularity during lifetime and one of the leaders of French romance.

After the ...

Novelist Les Misérables 2016

Novelist Danton (L' affaire Danton) PL

98. Jim Harrison

Writer | Wolf

Jim Harrison was born on December 11, 1937 in Grayling, Michigan, USA as James Thomas Harrison. He was a writer and producer, known for Wolf (1994), Legends of the Fall (1994) and Revenge (1990). He was married to Linda King. He died on March 26, 2016 in Patagonia, Arizona, USA.

Novelist Legends of the Fall 1993

99. Gilbert Adair

Writer | The Dreamers

Gilbert Adair was born on December 29, 1944 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was a writer and actor, known for The Dreamers (2003), Blind Revenge (2009) and The Carer (2016). He died on December 8, 2011 in London, England.

100. Georges Simenon

Writer | Maigret tend un piège

Georges Simenon was born on February 13, 1903 in Liège, Wallonia, Belgium as Georges Joseph Christian Simenon. He is known for his work on Inspector Maigret (1958), The Man on the Eiffel Tower (1949) and La veuve Couderc (1971). He was married to Denyse Ouimet and Régine "Tigy" Renchon. He died on ...

Novelist creator of Maigret Inspector La Veuve Couderc 1971 FR



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