Deutsche Kinematheksverbund: Die 100 wichtigsten deutschen Filmenby tmdaines | created - 19 May 2012 | updated - 03 Dec 2014 | Public
Source: [link]http://www.fiafnet.org/pdf/uk/fiaf54.pdf[/link] (p.41)
On the occasion of the centennial of the cinema, the Association of German Cinémathèques conducted a survey among film historians, film journalists, film critics, filmmakers, and cinéastes to select the 100 most important German films from the beginnings to the present day. Three hundred and twenty-four film experts took part in a first vote to decide ranks 1 to 75. The outcome was announced in February 1994 at the Berlin International Film Festival. Two hundred and twenty-two people participated in the second round of voting to choose places 76 to 100. Counting was completed in autumn 1994. Two of the 100 films selected date from the period before 1914, thirty-seven from the Weimar Republic, eight from the National Socialist period, five from the early post-war years, thirty-six from West Germany (Federal Republic), twelve from East Germany (German Democratic Republic). Among the 100 titles are 24 silent films and 76 sound films. Fritz Lang, Georg Wilhelm Pabst, and Rainer Werner Fassbinder are each represented with six titles (Fassbinder is additionally represented through his participation in Deutschland im Herbst, Pabst through his collaboration as unit director on Die Weisse Hölle vom Piz Palü), Helmut Käutner, Wolfgang Staudte, Wim Wenders, and Konrad Wolf with four each, Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau and Volker Schlöndorff with three titles each. Where this has not yet been done, the selected films are to be preserved and held available in at least one good copy. As far as National Socialist films are concerned, which cannot be excluded from German film history, the strict reservations about public performance are, of course, to be maintained. In 1993 the Federal Ministry of the Interior already allocated DM 320,000 for various preservation measures. In 1995 the Deutsches Institut für Filmkunde and the Stiftung Deutsche Kinemathek received a further sum of ca DM 200,000 for the production of new distribution copies.
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1. M (1931)
Not Rated | 99 min | Crime, Mystery, Thriller
When the police in a German city are unable to catch a child-murderer, other criminals join in the manhunt.
Votes: 133,471 | Gross: $0.03M
2. The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920)
Not Rated | 67 min | Fantasy, Horror, Mystery
Hypnotist Dr. Caligari uses a somnambulist, Cesare, to commit murders.
3. Berlin: Symphony of a Great City (1927)
Not Rated | 65 min | Documentary
This movie shows us one day in Berlin, the rhythm of that time, starting at the earliest morning and ends in the deepest night.
4. Nosferatu (1922)
Not Rated | 94 min | Fantasy, Horror
Vampire Count Orlok expresses interest in a new residence and real estate agent Hutter's wife.
5. People on Sunday (1930)
Not Rated | 73 min | Comedy, Drama, Romance
Two men and two women enjoy a pleasant Sunday at the beach amid the unending toil of the working week.
6. Murderers Among Us (1946)
85 min | Drama, Romance, Thriller
After returning from a concentration camp, Susanne finds an ex-soldier living in her apartment. Together the two try to move past their experiences during WWII.
7. The Blue Angel (1930)
Not Rated | 104 min | Drama, Music
An elderly professor's ordered life spins dangerously out of control when he falls for a nightclub singer.
Votes: 12,865 | Gross: $0.08M
8. Metropolis (1927)
Not Rated | 153 min | Drama, Sci-Fi
In a futuristic city sharply divided between the working class and the city planners, the son of the city's mastermind falls in love with a working class prophet who predicts the coming of a savior to mediate their differences.
Votes: 150,073 | Gross: $1.24M
9. The Joyless Street (1925)
125 min | Drama
Vienna in the biggest depression, directly after WW1. In a slum, Lila Leid, the wife of lawyer Leid is murdered, Egon, secretary of one of Leid's clients is arrested. He was with her, and ... See full summary »
10. Man of Straw (1951)
109 min | Comedy, Drama
Diederich Heßling is scared of everything and everyone. But as he grows up, he comes to realize that he has to offer his services to the powers-that-be if he wants to wield power himself. ... See full summary »
11. Kuhle Wampe or Who Owns the World? (1932)
71 min | Drama
During Great Depression, a family is evicted from their apartment and with no other option they move to a tent camp called Kuhle Wampe.
12. The Student of Prague (1913)
Approved | 85 min | Drama, Fantasy, Horror
Balduin, a student of Prague, leaves his roystering companions in the beer garden, when he finds he has reached the end of his resources. He is scarcely seated in a quiet corner when a ... See full summary »
13. The Bridge (1959)
Not Rated | 103 min | Drama, War
In 1945, Germany is being overrun, and nobody is left to fight but teenagers.
14. Yesterday Girl (1966)
88 min | Drama
The film tells the story of Anita G., a young East German migrant to West Germany and her struggle to adjust to her new life.
15. Mutter Kraussen (1929)
121 min | Drama
Mutter Krause and her children live in the poorer section of Berlin's Wedding district. The film depicts the cruelty of poverty and communism as a rescuing force that reaches Mutter Krause and the child too late.
16. The Golem (1920)
Unrated | 91 min | Fantasy, Horror
In 16th-century Prague, a rabbi creates the Golem - a giant creature made of clay. Using sorcery, he brings the creature to life in order to protect the Jews of Prague from persecution.
17. Dr. Mabuse the Gambler (1922)
Not Rated | 242 min | Crime, Mystery, Thriller
Arch-criminal Dr. Mabuse sets out to make a fortune and run Berlin. Detective Wenk sets out to stop him.
18. Under the Bridges (1946)
99 min | Comedy, Drama, Romance
Two barge skippers fall in love with the same woman.
19. Die Nibelungen: Siegfried (1924)
Not Rated | 100 min | Adventure, Drama, Fantasy
Siegfried, son of King Sigmund, hears of the beautiful sister of Gunter, King of Worms, Kriemhild. On his way to Worms, he kills a dragon and finds a treasure, the Hort. He helps Gunther to... See full summary »
Also: Part 2
20. The Last Laugh (1924)
Not Rated | 90 min | Drama
An aging doorman, after being fired from his prestigious job at a luxurious Hotel is forced to face the scorn of his friends, neighbours and society.
Votes: 11,514 | Gross: $0.09M
21. Destiny (1921)
Not Rated | 114 min | Drama, Fantasy, Thriller
When a woman's fiancé disappears, Death gives her three chances to save him from his fate.
Votes: 4,757 | Gross: $0.01M
22. Liebelei (1933)
Not Rated | 88 min | Drama, Romance
Vienna in the beginning of the twentieth century. Cavalry Lieutenant Fritz Lobheimer is about to end his affair with Baroness Eggerdorff when he meets the young Christine, the daughter of ... See full summary »
23. Spur der Steine (1966)
139 min | Comedy, Drama, Romance
A film about living and working conditions in the GDR of the 60's. Includes a little love story of course.
24. Wintergartenprogramm (1895)
7 min | Short
"Wintergartenprogramm" is a collection of snippets by Skladanowsky works from 1895 and runs for 5.5 minutes. Italienischer Bauerntanz 0:02 - Komisches Reck 0:37 - Das boxende Känguruh 1:14 ... See full summary »
25. Lola Montès (1955)
Not Rated | 116 min | Biography, Drama, Romance
Biopic of adventurer Lola Montès who ends up as a circus attraction after being romantically involved with famous European men.
Votes: 4,545 | Gross: $0.11M
26. Faust (1926)
Not Rated | 107 min | Drama, Fantasy, Horror
The demon Mephisto wagers with God that he can corrupt a mortal man's soul.
27. Heimat - Eine Chronik in elf Teilen (1984– )
924 min | Drama, History, War
The village of Schabbach experiences the shifting fortunes of Germany from 1919 to 1982.
28. Germany in Autumn (1978)
123 min | Documentary, Drama
Germany in Autumn does not have a plot per se; it mixes documentary footage, along with standard movie scenes, to give the audience the mood of Germany during the late 1970s. The movie ... See full summary »
Directors: Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Alf Brustellin, Hans Peter Cloos, Alexander Kluge, Maximiliane Mainka, Edgar Reitz, Katja Rupé, Volker Schlöndorff, Peter Schubert, Bernhard Sinkel | Stars: Wolfgang Bächler, Heinz Bennent, Wolf Biermann, Joachim Bißmeier
29. Passion (1919)
Not Rated | 85 min | Biography, Drama, Romance
The story of Madame DuBarry, the mistress of Louis XV of France, and her loves in the time of the French revolution.
90 min | Crime, Drama
Franz Biberkopf has served four years in prison. His return to normal life is not successful.
31. The Marriage of Maria Braun (1979)
R | 120 min | Drama
A World War II widow seeks to adjust to life in postwar Germany.
32. The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1943)
Not Rated | 110 min | Comedy, Adventure, Fantasy
This lavish, impudent, adult fairy tale takes the viewer from 18th-century Braunschweig to St. Petersburg, Constantinople, Venice, and then to the moon using ingenious special effects, stunning location shooting.
33. Pandora's Box (1929)
Not Rated | 109 min | Crime, Drama, Romance
The rise and inevitable fall of an amoral but naive young woman whose insouciant eroticism inspires lust and violence in those around her.
Votes: 9,187 | Gross: $0.01M
34. The Tin Drum (1979)
R | 142 min | Drama, War
In 1924, Oskar Matzerath is born in the Free City of Danzig. At age three, he falls down a flight of stairs and stops growing. In 1939, World War II breaks out.
35. The Testament of Dr. Mabuse (1933)
Not Rated | 122 min | Crime, Horror, Mystery
36. Kings of the Road (1976)
Not Rated | 175 min | Drama
A traveling projection-equipment mechanic works in Western Germany along the East-German border, visiting worn-out theatres. He meets with a depressed young man whose marriage has just broken up, and the two decide to travel together.
37. Triumph of the Will (1935)
Not Rated | 110 min | Documentary, History, War
The infamous propaganda film of the 1934 Nazi Party rally in Nuremberg, Germany.
38. Young Törless (1966)
Not Rated | 87 min | Drama
At a boarding school in the pre-war Austro-Hungarian Empire, a pair of students torture one of their fellow classmates, Basini, who has been caught stealing money from one of the two. The ... See full summary »
39. Katzelmacher (1969)
Not Rated | 88 min | Drama
Jorgos, a migrant worker from Greece, joins a group of young people in Munich usually hanging around. This foreigner incites hostility and jealousy among them, and he is insulted as a "... See full summary »
40. Port of Freedom (1944)
111 min | Drama, Musical, Romance
The film tells the story of the blond "singing sailor" Hannes Kröger who works in a St. Pauli club on the Große Freiheit 7, and falls in love with a girl. But she prefers his rival Willem and Hannes returns to the sea.
41. Rotation (1949)
80 min | Drama, History
The mechanic Behnke wants to join the Nazi party to secure a good living. However, after his Jewish neighbors have been taken away, he changes his views. Trying to remain "a non-political ... See full summary »
42. Aren't We Wonderful? (1958)
108 min | Comedy
The movie explains Germany from 1913 until 1955 by example of two contrary characters: The idealistic journalist Hans (H.-J. Felmy) loses his work during the Third Reich, whereas ... See full summary »
43. Waxworks (1924)
Not Rated | 65 min | Fantasy, Horror
A wax museum hires a writer to give the sculptures stories. The writer imagines himself and the museum owner's daughter in the stories.
44. Mädchen in Uniform (1931)
Passed | 87 min | Drama, Romance
At an all-girls boarding school, Manuela falls in love with a teacher, to terrific consequences.
45. Variety (1925)
Passed | 72 min | Crime, Drama, Romance