American Civil WaR

by bkekakis | created - 02 Mar 2014 | updated - 1 month ago | Public

The American Civil War was a civil war that was fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865. As a result of the long-standing controversy over slavery, war broke out in April 1861, when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, shortly after U.S. President Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated. The nationalists of the Union proclaimed loyalty to the U.S. Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States, who advocated for states' rights to expand slavery. Among the 34 U.S. states in February 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the U.S. to form the Confederate States of America, or the South. The Confederacy grew to include eleven slave states. The Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by the United States government, nor was it recognized by any foreign country (although the United Kingdom and France granted it belligerent status). The states that remained loyal to the U.S. (including the border states where slavery was legal) were known as the Union or the North. The Union and Confederacy quickly raised volunteer and conscription armies that fought mostly in the South over four years. The Union finally won the war when General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Battle of Appomattox Court House, followed by a series of surrenders by Confederate generals throughout the southern states. Four years of intense combat left 620,000 to 750,000 people dead, a higher number than the number of U.S. military deaths in all other wars combined (at least until approximately the Vietnam War). Much of the South's infrastructure was destroyed, especially the transportation systems, railroads, mills and houses. The Confederacy collapsed, slavery was abolished, and 4 million slaves were freed. The Reconstruction Era (1863–1877) overlapped and followed the war, with the process of restoring national unity, strengthening the national government, and granting civil rights to freed slaves throughout the country. The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history.

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1. Ambrose Bierce: Civil War Stories (2006 TV Movie)

93 min | Biography, Drama, History

Three of the most popular and controversial Civil War stories by legendary writer Ambrose Bierce are presented in this acclaimed feature collection.

Directors: Don Maxwell, Brian James Egen | Stars: Campbell Scott, Vivian Schilling, Nathan Darrow, T. Max Graham

Votes: 122 | Gross: $0.02M

2. Major Dundee (1965)

Approved | 123 min | Adventure, War, Western

62 Metascore

In 1864, due to frequent Apache raids from Mexico into the U.S., a Union officer decides to illegally cross the border and destroy the Apache, using a mixed army of Union troops, Confederate POWs, civilian mercenaries, and scouts.

Director: Sam Peckinpah | Stars: Charlton Heston, Richard Harris, Jim Hutton, James Coburn

Votes: 6,389 | Gross: $0.01M

3. The Colt (2005 TV Movie)

TV-PG | 80 min | Action, Drama, History

During the heat of battle in the midst of the Civil War, a beguilingly innocent colt is born to Union Jim Rabb's beloved mare. Refusing the orders to shoot it, lest it prove a hindrance, ... See full summary »

Director: Yelena Lanskaya | Stars: Ryan Merriman, Steve Bacic, William MacDonald, Darcy Belsher

Votes: 469

4. Grey Knight (1993)

R | 80 min | Horror, War

Slave traders bring back an evil voodoo entity that is accidentally freed by the Confederate army during the Civil War. The entity possesses the bodies of the dead soldiers to create an ... See full summary »

Director: George Hickenlooper | Stars: Corbin Bernsen, Adrian Pasdar, Ray Wise, Cynda Williams

Votes: 549

5. Dances with Wolves (1990)

PG-13 | 181 min | Adventure, Drama, Western

72 Metascore

Lieutenant John Dunbar, assigned to a remote western Civil War outpost, befriends wolves and Indians, making him an intolerable aberration in the military.

Director: Kevin Costner | Stars: Kevin Costner, Mary McDonnell, Graham Greene, Rodney A. Grant

Votes: 221,112 | Gross: $184.21M

6. Glory (1989)

R | 122 min | Biography, Drama, History

78 Metascore

Robert Gould Shaw leads the U.S. Civil War's first all-black volunteer company, fighting prejudices from both his own Union Army, and the Confederates.

Director: Edward Zwick | Stars: Matthew Broderick, Denzel Washington, Cary Elwes, Morgan Freeman

Votes: 113,268 | Gross: $26.83M

7. The Last Confederate: The Story of Robert Adams (2005)

R | 96 min | Action, Drama, History

The true love story of the conflict between Captain Robert Adams' dedication to the south, and his love for Eveline McCord, his beloved from the north. Produced, written, and directed by the descendants of Robert and Eveline, this American Civil War tale is an explosive, richly detailed saga of fierce combat, honor and the will to risk all that's precious for love or country.

Directors: Julian Adams, A. Blaine Miller | Stars: Julian Adams, Gwendolyn Edwards, Eric Holloway, Amy Redford

Votes: 354

8. Gods and Generals (2003)

PG-13 | 219 min | Biography, Drama, History

30 Metascore

The rise and fall of legendary war hero Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson as he leads the Confederacy to great success against the Union from 1861 to 1863.

Director: Ron Maxwell | Stars: Stephen Lang, Robert Duvall, Jeff Daniels, Donzaleigh Abernathy

Votes: 14,547 | Gross: $12.87M

9. Lincoln (2012)

PG-13 | 150 min | Biography, Drama, History

86 Metascore

As the American Civil War continues to rage, America's president struggles with continuing carnage on the battlefield as he fights with many inside his own cabinet on the decision to emancipate the slaves.

Director: Steven Spielberg | Stars: Daniel Day-Lewis, Sally Field, David Strathairn, Joseph Gordon-Levitt

Votes: 229,010 | Gross: $182.21M

10. Gettysburg (1993)

PG | 271 min | Drama, History, War

In 1863, the Northern and Southern forces fight at Gettysburg in the decisive battle of the American Civil War.

Director: Ron Maxwell | Stars: Tom Berenger, Martin Sheen, Stephen Lang, Richard Jordan

Votes: 24,499 | Gross: $10.77M

11. Operator 13 (1934)

Passed | 85 min | Drama, History, Romance

Union spy Gail Loveless impersonates a black maid in the early days of the Civil War, but complications arise when she falls in love with a Confederate officer.

Director: Richard Boleslawski | Stars: Marion Davies, Gary Cooper, Jean Parker, Katharine Alexander

Votes: 1,221

12. Andersonville (1996)

167 min | Drama, History, War

The story of the most notorious Confederate prisoner of war camp in the American Civil War.

Stars: Jarrod Emick, Frederic Forrest, Ted Marcoux, Carmen Argenziano

Votes: 1,683

13. The Red Badge of Courage (1951)

Approved | 69 min | Drama, War

Truncated adaptation of Stephen Crane's novel about a Civil War Union soldier who stuggles to find the courage to fight in the heat of battle.

Director: John Huston | Stars: Audie Murphy, Bill Mauldin, Douglas Dick, Royal Dano

Votes: 3,697

14. The Horse Soldiers (1959)

Approved | 120 min | Adventure, Romance, War

In 1863, a Union outfit is sent behind Confederate lines in Mississippi to destroy enemy railroads but a captive southern belle and the unit's doctor cause frictions within ranks.

Director: John Ford | Stars: John Wayne, William Holden, Constance Towers, Judson Pratt

Votes: 8,454

15. The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966)

R | 178 min | Western

90 Metascore

A bounty hunting scam joins two men in an uneasy alliance against a third in a race to find a fortune in gold buried in a remote cemetery.

Director: Sergio Leone | Stars: Clint Eastwood, Eli Wallach, Lee Van Cleef, Aldo Giuffrè

Votes: 625,676 | Gross: $6.10M

16. The Great Locomotive Chase (1956)

Approved | 85 min | Action, Adventure, Family

During the Civil War Union spy Andrews and his men volunteer to steal a Confederate train and drive it to Union territory while destroying the Confederate railway system along the way.

Director: Francis D. Lyon | Stars: Fess Parker, Jeffrey Hunter, Jeff York, John Lupton

Votes: 933

17. Cold Mountain (2003)

R | 154 min | Adventure, Drama, History

73 Metascore

In the waning days of the American Civil War, a wounded soldier embarks on a perilous journey back home to Cold Mountain, North Carolina to reunite with his sweetheart.

Director: Anthony Minghella | Stars: Jude Law, Nicole Kidman, Renée Zellweger, Eileen Atkins

Votes: 132,379 | Gross: $95.64M

18. The General (1926)

Passed | 67 min | Action, Adventure, Comedy

When Union spies steal an engineer's beloved locomotive, he pursues it single-handedly and straight through enemy lines.

Directors: Clyde Bruckman, Buster Keaton | Stars: Buster Keaton, Marion Mack, Glen Cavender, Jim Farley

Votes: 71,929

19. Custer of the West (1967)

G | 143 min | Biography, Drama, History

George Armstrong Custer's love of the heroic traditions of the Calvary and his distaste with the coming of industrialization leads him to his destiny at the Little Big Horn.

Director: Robert Siodmak | Stars: Robert Shaw, Mary Ure, Ty Hardin, Jeffrey Hunter

Votes: 1,134

20. Wicked Spring (2002)

PG-13 | 102 min | Drama, War, Western

During the 1864 battle of the Wilderness, three Union soldiers and three Confederate Soldiers get seperated from their units as twilight engulfs the ravaged battlefield. The men wander ... See full summary »

Director: Kevin R. Hershberger | Stars: Brian Merrick, DJ Perry, Terry Jernigan, Aaron Jackson

Votes: 583

21. The Hunley (1999 TV Movie)

94 min | Action, Drama, History

During the siege of Charleston of 1864, Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley becomes the first submersible to sink an enemy warship in wartime.

Director: John Gray | Stars: Armand Assante, Donald Sutherland, Alex Jennings, Chris Bauer

Votes: 1,095

22. The Andersonville Trial (1970 TV Movie)

150 min | Drama

A dramatization of the 1865 war-crimes trial of Henry Wirz, commandant of the notorious Confederate POW camp at Andersonville, Georgia.

Director: George C. Scott | Stars: Cameron Mitchell, William Shatner, Jack Cassidy, Wright King

Votes: 394

23. Shenandoah (1965)

Approved | 105 min | Drama, War, Western

During the Civil War, a Virginia farmer and his family vow to remain neutral, but one of the sons is captured by Union soldiers, sending the farmer to his rescue.

Director: Andrew V. McLaglen | Stars: James Stewart, Doug McClure, Glenn Corbett, Patrick Wayne

Votes: 7,276

24. The Day Lincoln Was Shot (1998 TV Movie)

Not Rated | 95 min | Biography, Drama, History

April 14, 1865. As four year of Civil War draw to a close, our country again faces unforgettable tragedy: the assassination of the President. Starring Lance Henriksen as the Great ... See full summary »

Director: John Gray | Stars: Rob Morrow, Lance Henriksen, Donna Murphy, Jean Louisa Kelly

Votes: 325

25. Pharaoh's Army (1995)

PG-13 | 90 min | Western

During the American Civil War, a Union Army captain leads his rag-tag cavalry troop up a misty creek to a remote farm to appropriate enemy (Confederate) livestock. The farm is worked by ... See full summary »

Director: Robby Henson | Stars: Chris Cooper, Patricia Clarkson, Kris Kristofferson, Robert Joy

Votes: 520 | Gross: $0.05M

26. The Birth of a Nation (1915)

Not Rated | 195 min | Drama, History, War

The Stoneman family finds its friendship with the Camerons affected by the Civil War, both fighting in opposite armies. The development of the war in their lives plays through to Lincoln's assassination and the birth of the Ku Klux Klan.

Director: D.W. Griffith | Stars: Lillian Gish, Mae Marsh, Henry B. Walthall, Miriam Cooper

Votes: 20,465 | Gross: $10.00M

27. The Beguiled (1971)

R | 105 min | Drama, Thriller, War

66 Metascore

While imprisoned in a Confederate girls' boarding school, an injured Union soldier cons his way into each of the lonely women's hearts, causing them to turn on each other, and eventually, on him.

Director: Don Siegel | Stars: Clint Eastwood, Geraldine Page, Elizabeth Hartman, Jo Ann Harris

Votes: 14,182

28. The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976)

PG | 135 min | Western

69 Metascore

A Missouri farmer joins a Confederate guerrilla unit and winds up on the run from the Union soldiers who murdered his family.

Director: Clint Eastwood | Stars: Clint Eastwood, Sondra Locke, Chief Dan George, Bill McKinney

Votes: 60,188 | Gross: $31.80M

29. Advance to the Rear (1964)

Approved | 100 min | Comedy, War, Western

A Union army outfit of misfits and rejects is sent to the Western territory. Southern spies try to figure out what they're up to.

Director: George Marshall | Stars: Glenn Ford, Stella Stevens, Melvyn Douglas, Jim Backus

Votes: 540

30. Band of Angels (1957)

Not Rated | 125 min | Drama, History, Romance

Amantha Starr grows up as a privileged southern Belle in the ante-bellum South, but after her father dies broke, her world is destroyed when she discovers her mother was black.

Director: Raoul Walsh | Stars: Clark Gable, Yvonne De Carlo, Sidney Poitier, Efrem Zimbalist Jr.

Votes: 1,873

31. Dark Command (1940)

Approved | 94 min | Drama, Romance, Western

In Kansas, during the Civil War opposing pro-Union and pro-Confederate camps clash and visiting Texan Bob Seton runs afoul of William Cantrell's Raiders.

Director: Raoul Walsh | Stars: Claire Trevor, John Wayne, Walter Pidgeon, Roy Rogers

Votes: 2,125

32. Gone with the Wind (1939)

Passed | 238 min | Drama, History, Romance

97 Metascore

A manipulative woman and a roguish man conduct a turbulent romance during the American Civil War and Reconstruction periods.

Directors: Victor Fleming, George Cukor, Sam Wood | Stars: Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Thomas Mitchell, Barbara O'Neil

Votes: 264,673 | Gross: $198.68M

33. Free State of Jones (2016)

R | 139 min | Action, Biography, Drama

53 Metascore

A disillusioned Confederate army deserter returns to Mississippi and leads a militia of fellow deserters and women in an uprising against the corrupt local Confederate government.

Director: Gary Ross | Stars: Matthew McConaughey, Gugu Mbatha-Raw, Mahershala Ali, Keri Russell

Votes: 45,269 | Gross: $20.76M

34. Roots (1977)

TV-14 | 588 min | Biography, Drama, History

A dramatization of author Alex Haley's family line from ancestor Kunta Kinte's enslavement to his descendants' liberation.

Stars: LeVar Burton, Robert Reed, John Amos, Louis Gossett Jr.

Votes: 15,079

35. Field of Lost Shoes (2015)

PG-13 | 96 min | Action, Drama, War

28 Metascore

Based on a true story of the American Civil War, culminating at the Battle of New Market, May 1864. A group of teenage cadets sheltered from war at the Virginia Military Institute must ... See full summary »

Director: Sean McNamara | Stars: Michael Krebs, Jake Lawson, Sean Marquette, David Arquette

Votes: 1,449

36. The Civil War (1990)

TV-14 | 680 min | Documentary, History, War

A comprehensive survey of the American Civil War.

Stars: David McCullough, Sam Waterston, Julie Harris, Jason Robards

Votes: 11,094

37. North and South, Book I (1985)

561 min | Drama, History, Romance

Two friends, one northern and one southern, struggle to maintain their friendship as events build towards the American Civil War.

Stars: Kirstie Alley, Georg Stanford Brown, David Carradine, Philip Casnoff

Votes: 8,749

38. Quantrill's Raiders (1958)

Approved | 68 min | Action, War, Western

A Civil War guerilla gang plans an attack on a Kansas arsenal.

Director: Edward Bernds | Stars: Steve Cochran, Diane Brewster, Leo Gordon, Gale Robbins

Votes: 202

39. The Blue and the Gray (1982)

381 min | Drama, History, War

America just before and during the Civil War, as seen through the eyes of an artist correspondent.

Stars: Stacy Keach, John Hammond, Julia Duffy, Robin Gammell

Votes: 1,347

40. The Undefeated (1969)

G | 119 min | Western

48 Metascore

After the Civil War, ex-Confederate soldiers heading for a new life in Mexico run into ex-Union cavalrymen selling horses to the Mexican government but they must join forces to fight off Mexican bandits and revolutionaries.

Director: Andrew V. McLaglen | Stars: John Wayne, Rock Hudson, Antonio Aguilar, Roman Gabriel

Votes: 5,377

41. Ride with the Devil (I) (1999)

R | 138 min | Drama, Romance, War

69 Metascore

During the American Civil War, two friends join the Bushwhackers, a militant group loyal to the Confederacy.

Director: Ang Lee | Stars: Tobey Maguire, Skeet Ulrich, Jewel Kilcher, Jeremy W. Auman

Votes: 12,247 | Gross: $0.63M

42. Rio Lobo (1970)

G | 114 min | Adventure, Romance, War

55 Metascore

After the Civil War, Cord McNally searches for the traitor whose treachery caused the defeat of McNally's unit and the loss of a close friend.

Director: Howard Hawks | Stars: John Wayne, Jorge Rivero, Jennifer O'Neill, Jack Elam

Votes: 9,403 | Gross: $9.27M

43. Drums in the Deep South (1951)

Passed | 87 min | Drama, History, Romance

Two old friends find themselves on opposite sides during the Civil War in a desperate battle atop an impregnable mountain.

Director: William Cameron Menzies | Stars: James Craig, Barbara Payton, Guy Madison, Barton MacLane

Votes: 272

44. The Battle (1911)

Not Rated | 19 min | Short, Action, Drama

Union soldiers march off to battle amid cheering crowds. After the battle turns against the Union Army, one soldier runs away, hiding in his girlfriend's house. Ashamed of his cowardice, he... See full summary »

Director: D.W. Griffith | Stars: Charles West, Blanche Sweet, Charles Hill Mailes, Spottiswoode Aitken

Votes: 235

45. Little Women (1949)

Approved | 122 min | Drama, Family, Romance

A group of sisters experience life's difficulties and its pleasures while growing up in nineteenth-century America.

Director: Mervyn LeRoy | Stars: June Allyson, Peter Lawford, Margaret O'Brien, Elizabeth Taylor

Votes: 5,690

46. Kansas Pacific (1953)

Approved | 73 min | Western

With the Civil War about to begin, Southern saboteurs attack frontier railroad construction.

Director: Ray Nazarro | Stars: Sterling Hayden, Eve Miller, Barton MacLane, Harry Shannon

Votes: 544

47. Copperhead (2013)

PG-13 | 120 min | Drama

34 Metascore

An Upstate New York family is torn apart during the American Civil War.

Director: Ron Maxwell | Stars: François Arnaud, Lucy Boynton, Casey Thomas Brown, Billy Campbell

Votes: 806 | Gross: $0.17M

48. Dead Birds (2004)

R | 91 min | Horror, Thriller, Western

A group of Confederate soldiers hole up in an abandoned plantation after robbing a bank and find themselves at the mercy of supernatural forces.

Director: Alex Turner | Stars: Henry Thomas, Patrick Fugit, Nicki Aycox, Michael Shannon

Votes: 9,185

49. The Searchers (1956)

Passed | 119 min | Adventure, Drama, Western