Vietnam Resistance War Against AmericA

by bkekakis | created - 03 Feb 2017 | updated - 3 months ago | Public

The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and also known in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Vietnamese: Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and the government of South Vietnam. The North Vietnamese army was supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies and the South Vietnamese army was supported by the United States, South Korea, Australia, Thailand and other anti-communist allies. The war is therefore considered a Cold War-era proxy war. The Viet Cong (also known as the National Liberation Front, or NLF), a South Vietnamese communist common front aided by the North, fought a guerrilla war against anti-communist forces in the region, while the People's Army of Vietnam, also known as the North Vietnamese Army (NVA), engaged in more conventional warfare, at times committing large units to battle. As the war continued, the military actions of the Viet Cong decreased as the role and engagement of the NVA grew. U.S. and South Vietnamese forces relied on air superiority and overwhelming firepower to conduct search and destroy operations, involving ground forces, artillery, and airstrikes. In the course of the war, the U.S. conducted a large-scale strategic bombing campaign against North Vietnam. The North Vietnamese government and the Viet Cong were fighting to reunify Vietnam. They viewed the conflict as a colonial war and a continuation of the First Indochina War against forces from France and later on the United States. The U.S. government viewed its involvement in the war as a way to prevent a communist takeover of South Vietnam. This was part of the domino theory of a wider containment policy, with the stated aim of stopping the spread of communism. Beginning in 1950, American military advisors arrived in what was then French Indochina. Most of the funding for the French war effort was provided by the U.S. U.S. involvement escalated in the early 1960s, with troop levels tripling in 1961 and again in 1962. U.S. involvement escalated further following the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin incident, in which a U.S. destroyer clashed with North Vietnamese fast attack craft, which was followed by the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, which gave the U.S. president authorization to increase U.S. military presence. Regular U.S. combat units were deployed beginning in 1965. Operations crossed international borders: bordering areas of Laos and Cambodia were heavily bombed by U.S. forces as American involvement in the war peaked in 1968, the same year that the communist side launched the Tet Offensive. The Tet Offensive failed in its goal of overthrowing the South Vietnamese government, but became the turning point in the war, as it persuaded a large segment of the U.S. population that its government's claims of progress toward winning the war were illusory despite many years of massive U.S. military aid to South Vietnam. Gradual withdrawal of U.S. ground forces began as part of "Vietnamization", which aimed to end American involvement in the war while transferring the task of fighting the communists to the South Vietnamese themselves. Despite the Paris Peace Accord, which was signed by all parties in January 1973, the fighting continued. In the U.S. and the Western world, a large anti-Vietnam War movement developed as part of a larger counterculture. The war changed the dynamics between the Eastern and Western Blocs, and altered North–South relations. Direct U.S. military involvement ended on 15 August 1973. The capture of Saigon by the North Vietnamese Army in April 1975 marked the end of the war, and North and South Vietnam were reunified the following year. The war exacted a huge human cost in terms of fatalities (see Vietnam War casualties). Estimates of the number of Vietnamese soldiers and civilians killed vary from 966,000 to 3.1 million. Some 240,000–300,000 Cambodians, 20,000–62,000 Laotians, and 58,220 U.S. service members also died in the conflict, and a further 1,626 remain missing in action.

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1. Uncommon Valor (1983)

R | 105 min | Action, Drama, Thriller

38 Metascore

Ten years after his son went M.I.A. in Vietnam, U.S. Marine retired Colonel Jason Rhodes assembles a private rescue team to find Americans held in P.O.W. camps in Laos.

Director: Ted Kotcheff | Stars: Gene Hackman, Patrick Swayze, Robert Stack, Fred Ward

Votes: 8,365 | Gross: $30.50M

2. Missing in Action (1984)

R | 101 min | Action, Adventure, Drama

Colonel Braddock launches a mission deep into the jungles of Vietnam to find the POW camp that he escaped from and free the Americans still held captive there.

Director: Joseph Zito | Stars: Chuck Norris, M. Emmet Walsh, David Tress, Lenore Kasdorf

Votes: 12,870 | Gross: $22.81M

3. Platoon (1986)

R | 120 min | Drama, War

92 Metascore

A young soldier in Vietnam faces a moral crisis when confronted with the horrors of war and the duality of man.

Director: Oliver Stone | Stars: Charlie Sheen, Tom Berenger, Willem Dafoe, Keith David

Votes: 357,376 | Gross: $138.53M

Oliver Stone

4. We Were Soldiers (2002)

R | 138 min | Action, Drama, History

65 Metascore

The story of the first major battle of the American phase of the Vietnam War, and the soldiers on both sides that fought it, while their wives wait nervously and anxiously at home for the good news or the bad news.

Director: Randall Wallace | Stars: Mel Gibson, Madeleine Stowe, Greg Kinnear, Sam Elliott

Votes: 122,851 | Gross: $78.12M

Randall Wallace

5. Air America (1990)

R | 113 min | Action, Comedy, War

33 Metascore

A young pilot finds himself recruited unwittingly into a covert and corrupt C.I.A. airlift organization operating in Vietnam War-era Laos.

Director: Roger Spottiswoode | Stars: Mel Gibson, Robert Downey Jr., Nancy Travis, Ken Jenkins

Votes: 25,595 | Gross: $31.05M

6. Hamburger Hill (1987)

R | 110 min | Action, Drama, Thriller

64 Metascore

A very realistic interpretation of one of the bloodiest battles of the Vietnam War.

Director: John Irvin | Stars: Anthony Barrile, Michael Boatman, Don Cheadle, Michael Dolan

Votes: 21,981 | Gross: $13.84M

John Irvin

7. Casualties of War (1989)

R | 113 min | Crime, Drama, War

75 Metascore

During the Vietnam War, a soldier finds himself the outsider of his own squad when they unnecessarily kidnap a female villager.

Director: Brian De Palma | Stars: Michael J. Fox, Sean Penn, Don Harvey, John C. Reilly

Votes: 38,650 | Gross: $18.67M

Brian De Palma

8. Good Morning, Vietnam (1987)

R | 121 min | Biography, Comedy, Drama

67 Metascore

In 1965, an unorthodox and irreverent DJ named Adrian Cronauer begins to shake up things when he is assigned to the U.S. Armed Services radio station in Vietnam.

Director: Barry Levinson | Stars: Robin Williams, Forest Whitaker, Tung Thanh Tran, Chintara Sukapatana

Votes: 118,112 | Gross: $123.92M

Barry Levinson

9. Born on the Fourth of July (1989)

R | 145 min | Biography, Drama, War

75 Metascore

The biography of Ron Kovic. Paralyzed in the Vietnam war, he becomes an anti-war and pro-human rights political activist after feeling betrayed by the country he fought for.

Director: Oliver Stone | Stars: Tom Cruise, Bryan Larkin, Raymond J. Barry, Caroline Kava

Votes: 91,271 | Gross: $70.00M

Oliver Stone

10. Apocalypse Now (1979)

R | 147 min | Drama, Mystery, War

94 Metascore

A U.S. Army officer serving in Vietnam is tasked with assassinating a renegade Special Forces Colonel who sees himself as a god.

Director: Francis Ford Coppola | Stars: Martin Sheen, Marlon Brando, Robert Duvall, Frederic Forrest

Votes: 560,351 | Gross: $83.47M

Francis Ford Coppola

11. Full Metal Jacket (1987)

R | 116 min | Drama, War

76 Metascore

A pragmatic U.S. Marine observes the dehumanizing effects the Vietnam War has on his fellow recruits from their brutal boot camp training to the bloody street fighting in Hue.

Director: Stanley Kubrick | Stars: Matthew Modine, R. Lee Ermey, Vincent D'Onofrio, Adam Baldwin

Votes: 623,300 | Gross: $46.36M

Stanley Kubrick

12. The Deer Hunter (1978)

R | 183 min | Drama, War

86 Metascore

An in-depth examination of the ways in which the U.S. Vietnam War impacts and disrupts the lives of people in a small industrial town in Pennsylvania.

Director: Michael Cimino | Stars: Robert De Niro, Christopher Walken, John Cazale, John Savage

Votes: 289,315 | Gross: $48.98M

Michael Cimino

13. Coming Home (1978)

R | 127 min | Drama, Romance, War

61 Metascore

A woman whose husband is fighting in Vietnam falls in love with another man who suffered a paralyzing combat injury there.

Director: Hal Ashby | Stars: Jane Fonda, Jon Voight, Bruce Dern, Penelope Milford

Votes: 11,458 | Gross: $32.65M

Hal Ashby

14. Rescue Dawn (2006)

PG-13 | 120 min | Action, Adventure, Biography

77 Metascore

A U.S. fighter pilot's epic struggle of survival after being shot down on a mission over Laos during the Vietnam War.

Director: Werner Herzog | Stars: Christian Bale, Steve Zahn, Jeremy Davies, Zach Grenier

Votes: 96,230 | Gross: $5.49M

Werner Herzog

15. The Siege of Firebase Gloria (1989)

R | 97 min | Action, Drama, War

A tough sergeant and his sidekick roll into a demoralized firebase and proceed to rebuild morale and fortifications in advance of the climactic battle with the VietCong.

Director: Brian Trenchard-Smith | Stars: Wings Hauser, R. Lee Ermey, Robert Arevalo, Mark Neely

Votes: 2,345

Brian Trenchard-Smith

16. Bat*21 (1988)

R | 105 min | Drama, War

58 Metascore

During the Vietnam War, Colonel Hambleton's aircraft is shot down over enemy territory and a frantic rescue operation ensues.

Director: Peter Markle | Stars: Gene Hackman, Danny Glover, Jerry Reed, David Marshall Grant

Votes: 7,448 | Gross: $3.97M

Peter Markle

17. The Green Berets (1968)

G | 142 min | Drama, War

Col. Mike Kirby picks two teams of crack Green Berets for a mission in South Vietnam. First off is to build and control a camp that is trying to be taken by the enemy the second mission is to kidnap a North Vietnamese General.

Directors: Ray Kellogg, John Wayne, Mervyn LeRoy | Stars: John Wayne, David Janssen, Jim Hutton, Aldo Ray

Votes: 11,435 | Gross: $21.71M

Ray Kellogg, John Wayne & Mervyn LeRoy

18. Tigerland (2000)

R | 101 min | Drama, War

55 Metascore

A group of recruits go through Advanced Infantry Training at Fort Polk, Louisiana's infamous Tigerland, last stop before Vietnam for tens of thousands of young men in 1971.

Director: Joel Schumacher | Stars: Colin Farrell, Matthew Davis, Clifton Collins Jr., Tom Guiry

Votes: 36,574 | Gross: $0.14M

Joel Schumacher

19. Go Tell the Spartans (1978)

R | 114 min | Drama, War

During the early 1960s, U.S. military advisers in South Vietnam discover the same challenges that plagued the French army in Indochina ten years prior.

Director: Ted Post | Stars: Burt Lancaster, Craig Wasson, Jonathan Goldsmith, Marc Singer

Votes: 2,276

Ted Post

20. Jacob's Ladder (I) (1990)

R | 113 min | Drama, Horror, Mystery

62 Metascore

Mourning his dead child, a haunted Vietnam War veteran attempts to uncover his past while suffering from a severe case of dissociation. To do so, he must decipher reality and life from his own dreams, delusions, and perceptions of death.

Director: Adrian Lyne | Stars: Tim Robbins, Elizabeth Peña, Danny Aiello, Matt Craven

Votes: 92,228 | Gross: $26.12M

Adrian Lyne

21. Heaven & Earth (1993)

R | 140 min | Action, Biography, Drama

During the Vietnam War, a Vietnamese woman struggles hustling on the streets, where she comes face to face with those involved in the conflict around her.

Director: Oliver Stone | Stars: Hiep Thi Le, Tommy Lee Jones, Haing S. Ngor, Bussaro Sanruck

Votes: 12,496 | Gross: $5.86M

Oliver Stone

22. 1968 Tunnel Rats (2008)

R | 96 min | Action, Drama, War

During the Vietnam War [1959-1975] a special US combat unit is sent out to hunt and kill the Viet Cong soldiers in a man-to-man combat in the endless tunnels underneath the jungle of Vietnam. Suicide squads of a special kind.

Director: Uwe Boll | Stars: Michael Paré, Wilson Bethel, Mitch Eakins, Erik Eidem

Votes: 4,499

Uwe Boll

23. Forrest Gump (1994)

PG-13 | 142 min | Drama, Romance

82 Metascore

The presidencies of Kennedy and Johnson, the events of Vietnam, Watergate, and other history unfold through the perspective of an Alabama man with an IQ of 75.

Director: Robert Zemeckis | Stars: Tom Hanks, Robin Wright, Gary Sinise, Sally Field

Votes: 1,652,022 | Gross: $330.25M

Robert Zemeckis

24. A Yank in Viet-Nam (1964)

80 min | War

The film follows a U.S. Marine Corps pilot (Marshall Thompson) who is shot down over the Vietnamese jungle. In his endeavor to get to safety, he meets a female guerrilla fighter (Kieu Chinh... See full summary »

Director: Marshall Thompson | Stars: Marshall Thompson, Pancho Magalona, Mario Barri, Kieu Chinh

Votes: 38

25. The Losers (1970)

R | 95 min | Action, Drama, Thriller

A quintet of CIA-trained Hells Angels take their specially armored hogs to Cambodia and head across southeast Asia to rescue a captured presidential advisor.

Director: Jack Starrett | Stars: William Smith, Bernie Hamilton, Adam Roarke, Houston Savage

Votes: 402

26. The Boys in Company C (1978)

R | 125 min | Drama, War

In 1967, five young men undergo boot camp training before being shipped out to Vietnam. Once they get there, the experience proves worse than they could have imagined.

Director: Sidney J. Furie | Stars: Stan Shaw, Andrew Stevens, James Canning, Michael Lembeck

Votes: 2,739

27. Flight of the Intruder (1991)

PG-13 | 115 min | Action, Drama, Thriller

During the air war over Vietnam, a U.S. Navy A-6 Intruder bomber pilot schemes with a hardened veteran to make an unauthorized air strike on Hanoi.

Director: John Milius | Stars: Danny Glover, Willem Dafoe, Brad Johnson, Rosanna Arquette

Votes: 5,938 | Gross: $14.59M

28. The Hanoi Hilton (1987)

R | 125 min | Drama, War

32 Metascore

A drama focusing on the suffering, torture, and brutal treatment the American P.O.W.s had to deal with daily while in North Vietnam's Hoa Lo Prison, the most infamous P.O.W. camp in Hanoi. ... See full summary »

Director: Lionel Chetwynd | Stars: Michael Moriarty, Paul Le Mat, John Edwin Shaw, Ken Wright

Votes: 837 | Gross: $0.76M

29. Platoon Leader (1988)

R | 97 min | War, Drama

A young officer, just out of West Point is sent to Vietnam, where the men don't respect him until he gets wounded and returns to be a wiser soldier and a better commander

Director: Aaron Norris | Stars: Tony Pierce, Robert F. Lyons, Michael Dudikoff, Michael DeLorenzo

Votes: 1,445 | Gross: $1.35M

30. Gardens of Stone (1987)

R | 111 min | Drama, Romance, War

A Sergeant must deal with his desires to save the lives of young soldiers being sent to Viet Nam. Continuously denied the chance to teach the soldiers about his experiences, he settles for trying to help the son of an old Army buddy.

Director: Francis Ford Coppola | Stars: James Caan, Anjelica Huston, James Earl Jones, D.B. Sweeney

Votes: 4,762 | Gross: $5.26M

31. 84C MoPic (1989)

R | 95 min | Drama, War

The title refers to the U.S. Army's former "MOS" (job code) for a combat cameraman. The story follows a unit of American G.I.s in Vietnam, all with different backgrounds and motives for being there, through the lens of his camera.

Director: Patrick Sheane Duncan | Stars: Jonathan Emerson, Nicholas Cascone, Jason Tomlins, Christopher Burgard

Votes: 1,602 | Gross: $0.15M

32. Missing in Action 2: The Beginning (1985)

R | 100 min | Action, Drama, Thriller

Prequel to the first Missing In Action, set in the early 1980s it shows the capture of Colonel Braddock during the Vietnam war in the 1970s, and his captivity with other American POWs in a brutal prison camp, and his plans to escape.

Director: Lance Hool | Stars: Chuck Norris, Soon-Tek Oh, Steven Williams, Bennett Ohta

Votes: 7,058 | Gross: $10.80M

33. A Bright Shining Lie (1998 TV Movie)

R | 118 min | Drama, War

True story of Army man John Paul Vann, whose military success provided him the fulfillment he never found in his personal life.

Director: Terry George | Stars: Bill Paxton, Bo Eason, William L. Mansey, Karina Logue

Votes: 1,331



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