100 most influential composers

by jgcorrea | created - 21 May 2017 | updated - 1 month ago | Public

The focus here is both on historical fact and skilled talent in authoring masterpieces. These were composers whose music inspired musicians who came after them. People like Schoenberg, for instance, were also significant teachers and promoters.

1. Isaac Albéniz

Soundtrack | Vicky Cristina Barcelona

Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz y Pascualwas a Spanish virtuoso pianist, composer, and conductor. He is one of the foremost composers of the Post-Romantic era who also had a significant influence on his contemporaries and younger composers. He is best known for his piano works based on Spanish folk ...

Iberia [4 books of 12 works] (1906-8)

Adriano in Siria

4. Johann Sebastian Bach

Soundtrack | Minority Report

Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March 21, 1685, in Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany, into a large and distinguished family of professional musicians. His father, named Johann Ambrosius Bach, was a violinist and trumpeter, employed by the city of Eisenach. His uncles were church organists, court ...

Cello Suites ( BWV 1007-1012)


6. Béla Bartók

Soundtrack | The Shining

Born in Hungary in 1881, Bartok began his musical studies on the piano at age five. His mother was his first teacher; after his father died in 1888, the Bartok family moved to Nagyszolos, where Bela continued his piano studies and took up composition. At age eleven, he made his first public ...

Concerto for Orch. S116 (1943, r1945)

7. Ludwig van Beethoven

Soundtrack | Total Recall

Beethoven was the child of a Flamian musician family and became a member of the electoral orchestra of Bonn in 1783. In 1787 he studied at Mozart's in Vienna and in 1792 he moved all to Vienna becoming a student of Franz Joseph Haydn. The Vienna High Society loved him as a piano player as well as ...

Moonlight sonata for piano

8. Vincenzo Bellini

Soundtrack | Mr. Nobody

Vincenzo Salvatore Bellini was born on November 2, 1801 in Catania, Sicily, Italy. He was the first of seven children in a musical family. His grandfather gave him first piano lessons at the age of 3, and at the age of 5 young Bellini could play good piano to an audience. His first composition ...

Norma (1831)

9. Alban Berg

Soundtrack | Natural Born Killers

Alban Maria Johannes Berg was born on February 9, 1885, in Vienna, Austria. He was the third of four children in the upper-class family of Conrad Berg and his wife Johanna, nee Braun. He was trained for a career in accounting, but his father died in 1900, causing him a depression and the onset of ...

Wozzeck Op.7 (1917-22)

10. Hector Berlioz

Soundtrack | Star Trek: First Contact

Hector Berlioz was born on December 11, 1803, into the family of Dr. Louis Berlioz and Marie-Antoinette-Josephine. Hector was the first of six children, three of whom died. He took music lessons at home from a visiting teacher and played flute and guitar. By age 16 he wrote a song for voice and ...

Symphonie Fantastique Op.14 (1830)

11. Georges Bizet

Soundtrack | Match Point

Georges Bizet was a child prodigy. Entering the Paris Conservatory at the age of nine, he counted among his teachers Antoine Marmontel, François Benoist and Jacques Halévy. At nineteen Bizet won a Prix de Rome. That same year he wrote his first opera, 'Le Docteur Miracle', a one-act comedy. After ...

Carmen (1873-4)

12. Aleksandr Borodin

Soundtrack | Peggy Sue Got Married

Aleksandr Borodin was born on November 12, 1833 in St. Petersburg, Russia. He was in fact the illegitimate son of the Georgian Prince, Lukas Gedevanishvili, who registered his son under the name of his serf and payed for Borodin's private education in music, languages and sciences.

Young Borodin ...

Polovtsian Dances [from the opera Prince Igor] (1888)

13. Johannes Brahms

Soundtrack | Grosse Pointe Blank

German Romantic composer Johannes Brahms was born in Hamburg in 1833 and died in Vienna, Austria in 1897. A perfectionist, he often compared himself unfavorably to composers such as Beethoven and ended up destroying many compositions without their ever being heard. While basically conservative, he ...

21 Hungarian Dances [pf 4 hands] (published in 4 books, 1852-69)

14. Anton Bruckner

Soundtrack | Ne le dis à personne

He was the son of a village schoolmaster and organist.

Christus factus est (1884)

Piano Concerto in C [w/male chorus] Op. 39 (1903-4)

Membra Jesu Nostri

Ave Verum Corpus [motet For 4 Vv] (p1605)

Vittoria, vittoria, mio core

19. Emmanuel Chabrier

Soundtrack | Hawaii Calls

Emmanuel Chabrier was born on January 18, 1841 in Ambert, Puy-de-Dôme, France as Alexis Emmanuel Chabrier. He was married to Marie Alice Dejean. He died on September 13, 1894 in Paris, France.

1 10 Pièces Pittoresques (1881) 2 Une Education Manquee 3 La Sulamite 4 Le Roi Malgré lui (1887) : Danse Eslave + Fête Polonaise 5 España [rhapsody For Orch.] (1883) 6 Bourrée Fantasque (1891) 7 Joyeuse Marche (1888) 8 L'Étoile, opéra comique 9 Gwendoline (1885)

20. Luigi Cherubini

Soundtrack | Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me

Italian composer, conductor, teacher, administrator, theorist, and music publisher, active in France.

1 Medée (1797) 2 Requiem Mass #2 in D minor [3 vv & orch.] (1836) 3 Mass in A major 4 Messe solemnelle in G 5 Requiem Mass #1 in C minor [4 vv & orch.] (1816) 6 Symphonie in D major 7 Quartet #1 8 Overture to Anacréon [opera-ballet] (1803) 9 Ouverture - Les Deux Journées (1800) 10 Demophoon

21. Frédéric Chopin

Soundtrack | Paycheck

Frédéric François Chopin was born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, on March 1, 1810, in Zelazowa Wola, Masovia region, Duchy of Warsaw, Poland. His father, named Mikolaj (Nicolas) Chopin, was a Frenchman who came to Poland from Lorraine, and eventually became professor at Warsaw Lyceum. His mother, ...

62 mazurkas (1820-49) Concerto #1 in E minor Op.11 (1830) 24 Preludes Op. 28 (1836-9) Scherzi (4); 12 Etudes Op. 25 (1832-6) Concerto #2 in F minor Op. 21 (1829-30) 12 Etudes Op.10 (1829-32) Cello sonata in G minor Andante Spianato in G & Grande Polonaise in E flat Op. 22 (1830-1, 1834) Nocturne #7 & #8 Op. 27 (1835) Nocturnes #1 & #2 Op.9 (1830-1) Nocturne #15 & #16 Op.55 (1843)

22. Aaron Copland

Soundtrack | He Got Game

Aaron Copland is an Academy Award-winning composer (The Heiress (1949)), author, conductor, lecturer and educator. He was educated at public schools and was a music student of his sister and later Leopold Wolfson, Victor Wittgenstein, Clarence Adler, Rubin Goldmark and Nadia Boulanger. In 1925, he ...

23. Arcangelo Corelli

Soundtrack | Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World

Arcangelo Corelli was born February 17, 1653, in Fusignano, Italy. He studied violin with Bassani at the Music school in Bologna. In Rome he studied composition under Matteo Simeoni, the singer of the pope's chapel. Corelli established himself as composer and violinist in the 1670s. In 1672 he made...

24. François Couperin

Soundtrack | The Pelican Brief

Francois Couperin (Couperin le Grand) was born on November 10, 1668, in Paris, France. His father, named Charles Couperin, was the organist at the church of St. Gervais in Paris. In 1679, when Couperin's father died, he was already deputizing him as an organist, and on his 18th birthday Couperin ...

25. Claude Debussy

Soundtrack | Rise of the Planet of the Apes

Claude Debussy was born in St. Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, France. His father was a salesman and kept a china shop. His mother was a seamstress. Some traumatizing events in his childhood caused him a depression and he never spoke about his early years. Later he could not compose without having his...

1 Pelléas et Mélisande (1893-5, 1902) 2 Martyre De Saint Sebastien, Le 3 Complete Preludes, Books 1 and 2 by Claude Debussy 4 12 Etudes (1915) 5 L'enfant prodigue 6 Images h. suite arr.] (1905-12) 7 Quatuor in G minor Op.10 (1893) 8 Suite Bergamasque; 9 La Mer (the Sea): Three Symphonic Sketches (Dover Miniature Scores) by Claude Debussy 10 3 Nocturnes [#1 & #2 for orch.; #3 for orch. & chorus] (1899) 11 Jeux (1912-3) 12 Children's Corner [suite of 6 pieces] 13 En Blanc et Noir : Music for piano duet 14 Boite A Joujoux 15 Sonata for Cello & Piano in D minor (1915) 16 Apres-Midi D'un Faune, L' 17 Danse Sacrée et Danse Profane [harp & string orch.] (1904)

26. Frederick Delius

Soundtrack | Crush

Fourth of fourteen children.

27. Gaetano Donizetti

Soundtrack | The Fifth Element

Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti was born November 29, 1797 in Bergamo, Italy. He was born in a windowless cellar into a poor family of a government clerk. At the age of 9 he became a protégé of Johann Simon Mayr, Maestro di Cappella of the Lombard city. Johann Mayr hosted and educated young ...

28. Paul Dukas

Soundtrack | The Sorcerer's Apprentice

Paul Abraham Dukas was born on October 1, 1865 into a Jewish family in Paris, France. He studied music at the Paris Conservatoire, where his teachers were Theodore Dubois, César Franck, and 'Ernest Guiraud'. He met Claude Debussy while both were students at the Paris Conservatoire and they remained ...

29. Antonín Dvorák

Soundtrack | Arrival

Antonin Dvorak was a son of butcher, but he did not follow his father's trade. While assisting his father part-time, he studied music, and graduated from the Prague Organ School in 1859. He also was an accomplished violinist and violist, and joined the Bohemian Theatre Orchestra, which was under ...

30. Edward Elgar

Soundtrack | Kingsman: The Secret Service

Edward Elgar was born on June 2, 1857, in Broadheath, near Worcester, where his father named William Elgar, was a music shop owner and a piano technician. Elgar was the fourth of six children. He was self-taught in all musical instruments, that were at his disposal in his father's shop, and he ...

31. Gabriel Fauré

Soundtrack | 28 Days Later...

Gabriel-Urbian Faure was born May 12, 1845, in Pamires, Mid-Pyrenees, France. He was the youngest of 6 children born to Toussaint and Marie Faure. From the age of 9 he studied piano and organ with Camille Saint-Saëns at the Ecole Niedermeyer. Saint-Saene encouraged young Faure to play piano music ...

33. César Franck

Soundtrack | The Wolverine

César Franck, a French composer best known for his massive Symphony and enchanting three chorales for organ, which he wrote during the last month of his life after being hit by a horse-omnibus.

He was born César-Auguste Franck on December 10, 1822 in Liege, Belgium. He studied at the Royal ...

36. George Gershwin

Soundtrack | Manhattan

He was born Jacob Gershowitz, 26 September 1898, in Brooklyn, New York, of Russian-Jewish immigrants. As a boy he could play popular and classical works on his brother Ira's piano by ear. In 1913 he quit school to study music and began composing for Tin Pan Alley; by 1919 he had his first hit "...

1 Porgy & Bess [folk opera] (1935) 2 Concerto in F (1925) 3 An American in Paris [sym. poem] (1928) 4 Rhapsody in Blue: Solo Piano (Original) by George Gershwin 5 Cuban Overture [rhumba] (1932) 6 3 Preludes (1926) for piano

38. Mikhail Glinka

Music_department | Ruslan and Lyudmila

Mikhail Glinka, the author of the first Russian Opera who suffered from abuse in his early childhood and barely survived the Napoleon's invasion of 1812, had lived most of his adult life outside of Russia and fused Spanish, Italian, French, and other influences in his own music.

He was born Mikhail ...

39. Christoph Willibald Gluck

Soundtrack | Slumdog Millionaire

Young Gluck was a singer in a church choir and thus decided to study music in Prague although his parents wanted him to work in the forest. Having to earn his own money he worked as a part-time musician and finished his studies in Milan where he wrote his first Italian style opera. Impressing the ...

41. Edvard Grieg

Soundtrack | Soylent Green

Edvard Hagerup Grieg (Greig) was born on on June 15, 1843, in Bergen, Norway. His father, named Alexander Greig (originally McGregor), was English consul of Scottish origin. His mother, named Gesine Hagerup, was an educated pianist. Grieg grew up among three sisters and an elder brother. He began ...

42. George Frideric Handel

Soundtrack | Autómata

Born February 23 1685 in Halle, Germany, he was christened "Georg Friederich Händel" but always signed his name "Georg Friedrich Händel". His father intended for him to go into law, but Händel studied music clandestinely and was eventually allowed to study under an organist. He achieved some sucess...

44. Franz Joseph Haydn

Soundtrack | Minority Report

Haydn had a hard childhood: at six years old he had to work as a boy singer in a choir and after his voice broke he had to earn his money by playing dance music and serving as a butler. Becoming famous for his compositions Haydn was employed as "Kapellmeister" by Fuerst Esterhazy in Eisenstadt in ...

45. Paul Hindemith

Soundtrack | Dr. M

Paul Hindemith was born on November 16, 1895 in Hanau, Hesse, Germany. He was married to Gertrud Rottenberg. He died on December 28, 1963 in Frankfurt am Main, Hesse.

46. Johann Nepomuk Hummel

Soundtrack | Vanity Fair

Johann Nepomuk Hummel was a student of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Antonio Salieri.

47. Charles Ives

Soundtrack | Lola rennt

Pictured on one of a set of eight 32¢ US commemorative postage stamps in the Legends of American Music series, issued 12 September 1997, celebrating "Classical Composers & Conductors". Others honored in this issue are Leopold Stokowski, Arthur Fiedler, George Szell, Eugene Ormandy, Samuel Barber, ...

50. Franz Liszt

Soundtrack | The Green Hornet

Franz Liszt, the virtuoso pianist and composer, was the most famous concert superstar of the 19th century. He was born in what was then the Austrian Empire. His father was Hungarian and his mother was Austrian. At age 6 he took music lessons from his father, Adam Liszt, who worked at the Court of ...

52. Gustav Mahler

Soundtrack | Children of Men

Gustav Mahler is largely considered one of the most talented symphonic composers of the late 19th Century and early 20th Century. His musical output comprised mainly of symphonic and song cycles requiring mammoth orchestras and often choruses. Sadly, Mahler never experienced popularity as a ...

53. Jules Massenet

Soundtrack | Transamerica

A major composer of French opera in the late 19th century, author of the important works "Werther" and "Manon."

55. Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy

Soundtrack | Enemy of the State

Composer. Grandson of philosopher Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786). Father of historian Karl Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1838-1897) and chemist Paul Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1841-1880).

56. Olivier Messiaen

Soundtrack | The Revenant

Olivier Messiaen was born on December 10, 1908 in Avignon, Vaucluse, France as Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen. He was married to Yvonne Loriod and Claire Delbos. He died on April 27, 1992 in Paris, France.

1 Turangalila Symphony [pf, ondes martenot & orch.] (1946-8) 2 Quatre Etudes De Rythme. N. 2: Ile De Feu 2 By Olivier Messiaen 3 Quartet for the End of Time [vln, cl, vc & pf] (1940) 4 Trois petites liturgies de la présence divine 5 Chronochromie (1960) 6 Cinq rechants; 7 Oiseaux Exotiques [pf & small orch.] (1956) 8 Visions de l'Amen [2 pf] (1943) 9 Livre d'Orgue [7 pcs for org] (1951) 10 Preludes for piano 11 L'Ascension [4 meditations for orch.] (1933)

Les Huguenots (1836) L'Africaine (1865) Robert le Diable (1831) Le Prophète (1849) 4 Fantaisies pour le piano

Sonata for Cello & Piano #2 in A minor Op.81 (1948-9)

59. Darius Milhaud

Composer | The Beloved Vagabond

Darius Milhaud was born on September 4, 1892 in Aix-en-Provence, Bouches-du-Rhône, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France. He was a composer, known for The Beloved Vagabond (1915), L'espoir (1940) and Hatred (1938). He died on June 22, 1974 in Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

1 Pauvre matelot, le 2 Le Boeuf sur le Toit [pantomime-ballet] Op.58 (1919) 3 Concerto for piano 4 Saudades do Brasil for piano 5 Concerto #2 for viola 6 La Création du Monde Op.81 (1923) 7 Suite Provençale Op.152b (1936) 8 Suite Francaise [band & orch. arrs.] Op. 248 (1944) 9 La Cheminée du Roi René [suite for wind quintet] Op. 205 (1939) 10 Scaramouche [suite for 2 pf] Op.165b (1937) 11 Duo Concertant [cl & pf] Op. 351 (1956) 12 Christophe Colomb Op.102 (1928) 13 Pastorale [oboe, cl & bassoon] Op.147 (1935) 14 Les Choépores

1 The Coronation of Poppea (1642) 2 Ritorno D'Ulisse In Patria, Il 3 L'Orfeo (1607) 4 Vespro della Beata Vergine [6 vv & 6 instrs.] (1610) 5 Magnificat 6 Lamento d’ Arianna - Lasciatemi Morire! Sheet Music 7 madrigals (9 books) [8 vv, unacc. or w/basso-continuo, some w/additional instrs.] (p1587-1651) 8 Ch'io non t'ami cor mio (Il combatimento...)

61. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Soundtrack | Amadeus

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart grew up in Salzburg under the regulation of his strict father Leopold who also was a famous composer of his time. His abilities in music were obvious even when Mozart was still young so that in 1762 at the age of six, his father took him with his elder sister on a concert ...

62. Modest Mussorgsky

Soundtrack | Dracula 2000

In 1856 Moussorgsky joined the Russian army where he met the piano player and composer 'Balakirev' who taught him composition. As he could not finish his studies in music, Moussorgsky did not know all stylistic means of composition perfectly and thus had to follow his instinct in his works becoming...

1 Boris Godunov (1868-72, r1873) 2 Pictures at an Exhibition h. arrs.] (1874) 3 Songs & Dances of Death [song cycle for solo v & pf] (1875-7) 4 St. John's Night on the Bare Mountain [sym. poem] (1867) 5 Prelude to Khovanshchina [opera] (1872-80)

63. Jacques Offenbach

Soundtrack | Moulin Rouge!

Jacques Offenbach, the son of a synagogue cantor, was born in Cologne, Germany, June 20, 1819. So strong were his musical talents that the Paris Conservatory waived the rule forbidding foreigners and enrolled him. At the completion of his studies he began playing the cello in the orchestra of the ...

The Tales of Hoffmann (1881) Gaité Parisienne Overture to Orpheus in the Underworld [operetta] (1858)

64. Niccolò Paganini

Soundtrack | Rear Window

Paganini's musical talent was recognized at an early age, and his ambitious father drove him hard to succeed, even withholding food if his son did not perform to his satisfaction on the violin. Escaping his father's domineering influence in his late teens by fleeing to Lucca, Paganini came to the ...

12 Sonatas for violin & guitar opus 3 24 Caprices [vln] Op.1 (c1805) Concerto #1 in D ginally E flat] Op.6 (1817?) Concerto #2 opus 7 I palpiti opus 13 Le streghe opus 8 Moto Perpetuo in C Op.11 (after 1829) Sonata for guitar

Stabat Mater [motet for 8 vv] (16th cent.) Missa Tu es Petrus [6 vv] (p1572) Missa Papae Marcelli [6 vv] (p1567) Missa nigra sum [5 vv] (p1590) Missa brevis [4 vv] (p1570) Missa Assumpta est Maria [6 vv] (16th cent.) madrigals [3-5 vv] (p1555-94) Tu es Petrus [motet for 6 vv] (p1572) magnificats [4-8 vv] (p1591)

Stabat Mater

67. Sergei Prokofiev

Soundtrack | Red Heat

Prokofiev was a multi-talented man and an innovative composer. He learned piano from his mother and chess from his father. He always had a chess set on his piano, and was able to play against the chess champions of his time. He studied music with Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, graduated with highest ...

1 Alexander Nevsky h. suite for solo v, chorus & orch.] Op.78 (1939) 2 Romeo & Juliet Op.64 (1935-6) 3 Cantata For The 20th Anniversary Of The October Revolution" Op.74: 4 Chout (tale of a buffoon who fooled 7 buffoons) 5 Pas D'acier 6 Peter & the Wolf [sym. poem for narr. & orch.] Op.67 (1936) 7 String quartet #1 in B minor Op.50 (1930) 8 The Love for Three Oranges [suite from the opera] Op. 33a (1919, r1924) 9 Symphony #1 in D 'Classical' Op. 25 (1916-7) 10 Tale of the Stone Flower op. 118 11 Ivan the Terrible 12 Cinderella Op.87 (1940-4)

68. Giacomo Puccini

Soundtrack | The Island

Italian composer, one of the greatest exponents of operatic realism, who virtually brought the history of Italian opera to an end. His mature operas include "La Bohème" (1896), "Tosca" (1900), "Madama Butterfly" (1904), and "Turandot" left incomplete.

69. Henry Purcell

Soundtrack | Mr. Nobody

A master of religious and instrumental music as well as stage works.

71. Maurice Ravel

Soundtrack | Basic

Maurice Ravel was born on March 7, 1875 in Ciboure, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France as Joseph-Maurice Ravel. He died on December 28, 1937 in Paris, France.

1 Quartet in F (1902-3) 2 Heure Espagnole, L' 3 Le Tombeau de Couperin [suite] (1914-7) 4 Mother Goose Suite [pf 4 hands] (1908-10) 5 L'Enfant et les Sortilèges (1920-5) 6 Daphnis et Chloé [ballet/'symphonie chorégraphique'] (1909-12) 7 La Valse ['poème chorégraphique' for orch.] (1919-20) 8 Piano trio 9 Miroirs by Maurice Ravel 10 Valses Nobles et Sentimentales (1911) 11 Piano Concerto in G (1929-31) 12 Gaspard de la Nuit by Maurice Ravel 13 Boléro (1928) 14 Concerto in D 'For the Left Hand' (1929-30) 15 Alborada del Gracioso [from the suite 'Miroirs'] (1905) 16 Shéhérazade [song cycle for solo v & orch.] (1903) 17 Rapsodie Espagnole (1907-8) 18 Sonata for Violin & Piano (1923-7) 19 Chansons Madecasses 20 Tzigane [vln & pf] (1924) 21 Introduction et Allegro [harp, fl, cl & str qtt] (1905)

72. Max Reger

Soundtrack | Fury

73. Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Soundtrack | Brokeback Mountain

Rimsky-Korsakov was a navy officer but soon discovered his love for music. Since 1861 he belonged to the group of Balkirev but later he returned to the traditional way of composing. He combined uniquely the Russian folksongs with the music of the Orthodox Church. Rimsky-Korsakov wrote the first ...

74. Gioachino Rossini

Soundtrack | Strange Days

As a son of a horn player and a singer Rossini was taught instruments early in his life. When he was older he went to the conservatory of Bologna for lessons. His first opera was such a big success that a lot of people wanted him to write more pieces. But nevertheless in 1816 his masterpiece "The ...

75. Albert Roussel

Music_department | Sitcom

76. Antonio Salieri

Soundtrack | Iron Man

Antonio Salieri was born in 1750 into a prosperous Italian family of merchants. He studied harpsichord and violin from an early age, and after the death of his parents, continued his music studies in Venice. His talent was noticed by Viennise composer Florian Grassman, who invited him to Vienna, ...

77. Erik Satie

Soundtrack | Mr. Nobody

Erik Satie was born on May 17, 1866 in Honfleur, Calvados, France as Erik Alfred Leslie-Satie. He died on July 5, 1925 in Arcueil, Seine [now Val-de-Marne], France.

1 Relach (Relâche) by Erik Satie Complete Piano Score. [Quality, Enlarged Student Loose Leaf Facsimile Reprint] by Erik Satie 2 Socrate [cantata/oratorio for 1 or more vv & pf/chamber orch.] (1918) 3 Parade (1917) 4 Gnossiennes for Piano (7) 5 Sports et Divertissements [suite of 20 short pcs] (1914) 6 3 Pieces in the Shape of a Pear [pf 4 hands] (1890-1903) 7 3 Gymnopédies (1888)

79. Arnold Schönberg

Soundtrack | Woman in Gold

Arnold Schonberg was born in the Jewish ghetto of Vienna, in 1874. His parents were Ashkenazim, his mother, Pauline was from Prague, and his father, Samuel, was from Bratislava. His mother was a piano teacher, but he had little interest in early childhood. He took violin lessons when he was eight ...

80. Franz Schubert

Soundtrack | Minority Report

Schubert was musically educated at the "Hofkapelle" in Vienna where he sang as a boy but then had to quit in order to help his father at school. Four years later, he became an independent composer and was destined to live in poverty from then onwards. Having an introverted personality, Schubert ...

81. Robert Schumann

Soundtrack | Wasabi

Schumann studied Law and at the same time attended piano lessons. He ignored all musical theory because in his mind the romantic music had only to be inspired by fantasy. Publishing the "Neue Zeitschrift fuer Musik" he supported young composers of his time like Frédéric Chopin or Johannes Brahms. ...

83. Alexander Scriabin

Soundtrack | Barfly

Alexander Scriabin was a Russian composer and pianist who invented the first colour keyboard and notation for lights and colors based on his scale of Synesthetic colors. His symphony 'Prometheus: The Poem of Fire' (1910) was the first composition in history which included notation for lights and ...

84. Jean Sibelius

Soundtrack | Die Hard 2

Jean Sibelius was born on December 8, 1865 in Hämeenlinna, Finland as Johan Julius Christian Sibelius. He was married to Aino Sibelius. He died on September 20, 1957 in Järvenpää, Finland.

Symphony #7 Symphony #1 Finlandia, symph. poem

La Vestale Fernand Cortrez, ou la conquête du Mexique Olympie

86. Karlheinz Stockhausen

Soundtrack | Walkabout

A musical pioneer, Karlheinz Stockhausen broke many barriers and taboos. He wrote more than 300 works in various genres from opera and orchestral pieces to electronic music and complex compositions where performers, producers, helicopters, recording equipment, and audiences all together become his ...

87. Charles Villiers Stanford

Soundtrack | Double Parked

He was interred at Westminster Abbey in London, England in the North Choir Aisle plot.

Clarinet Concerto in A minor Op.80 (1902) Symphony #1 Symphony #3

88. Richard Strauss

Soundtrack | 2001: A Space Odyssey

Richard Strauss was a German composer best known for symphonic poem 'Also sprach Zarathustra' (Thus Spoke Zarathustra, 1896) used as the music score in 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) by director Stanley Kubrik.

He was born Richard Georg Strauss on June 11, 1864, in Munich, Bavaria (now Germany). His ...

1 Der Rosenkavalier Op.59 (1909-10) 2 Salome Op.54 (1903-5) 3 Capriccio 4 Elektra Op.58 (1906-8) 5 Ein Alpensinfonie Op.64 (1915) 6 A Hero's Life [sym. poem] Op.40 (1897-8) 7 Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme 8 Thus Spake Zarathustra [sym. poem] Op. 30 (1895-6) 9 Death & Transfiguration [sym. poem] Op. 24 (1888-9) 10 Vier Letzte Lieder: Four Last Songs by Richard Strauss 11 Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks [sym. poem] Op. 28 (1894-5) 12 Don Juan [sym. poem] Op. 20 (1889)

89. Igor Stravinsky

Soundtrack | Allied

Igor Stravinsky's father was a singer at the opera, and thus Stravinsky became a student of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov after a short stint as a law student. Very much influenced by Russian composers, only his sponsor Sergei Diaghilev in Paris was able to convince him to try new styles of ballet, e.g. ...

1 The Rite of Spring (1913, r1940s) 2 The Soldier's Tale [ballet for narr., spoken vv & instrumental ensemble] (1918) 3 The Wedding [ballet for 4 solo vv, 4 pf, perc ensemble & chorus] (1914-7, r1923) 4 Symphonies of Wind Instruments [23 instrs.] (1920, r1945-7) 5 The Firebird (1909-10) 6 Oedipus Rex [opera-oratorio] (1926-7, r1948) 7 Petrushka (1910-1, r1946) 8 Pulcinella [ballet afterPergolesi for 3 solo vv & chamber orch.] (1919-20) 9 The Rake's Progress (1948-51) 10 Renard 11 Persephone 12 Le rossignol 13 Orpheus (1947) 14 Agon. Ballet for twelve dancers, etc. [Score.] (Hawkes Pocket Scores) by Igor Stravinsky 14 Concerto in D [string orch.] (1946) 15 Mavra 16 Apollon Musagète [ballet for string orch.] (1927-8, r1947) 17 Sonata pour piano by Igor Stravinsky 18 Symphony in C (1939-40) 19 The Card Party (1936) 20 The Fairy's Kiss (1928, r1950) 21 Symphony of Psalms [chorus & orch.] (1930, r1948) 22 piano concerto 23 Canticum sacrum 24 Violin Concerto in D (1931) 25 Capriccio for piano and orchestra 26 Concerto in E flat 'Dumbarton Oaks' [chamber orch.] (1937-8) 27 Octet [wind instrs.] (1922-3, r1952) 28 Mass [chorus & double wind quintet] (1944-8) 29 In memoriam Dylan Thomas. Dirge-canons and song for tenor voice, string quartet and four trombones.

90. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Soundtrack | Minority Report

Pyotr (Peter) Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born on May 7, 1840, in Votkinsk, Vyatka region, Russia. He was the second of six children (five brothers and one sister). His father, named Ilya Chaikovsky, was a mining business executive in Votkinsk. His father's ancestors were from Ukraine and Poland. His ...

1 The Sleeping Beauty by Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky 2 Swan Lake Op. 20 (1875-6) 3 Eugene Onegin (1877-8) 4 Iolanta 5 The Nutcracker Op.71 (1892) 8 Symphony #6 in B minor 'Pathétique' Op.74 (1893) 6 Symphony #5 in E minor Op.64 (1888) 7 Symphony #4 in F minor Op. 36 (1877-8) 9 Symphony #1 in G minor 'Winter Daydreams' Op.13 (1866, r1874) 10 Violin Concerto in D Op. 35 (1878) 11 Concerto #1 in B flat minor Op. 23 (1874-5) 12 Serenade in C [string orch.] Op.48 (1880) 13 Allegro Brillante

91. Edgard Varèse

Soundtrack | Another Woman

Edgard Varèse was born on December 22, 1883 in Paris, France as Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse. He was married to Louise Norton and Suzanne Bing. He died on November 6, 1965 in New York City, New York, USA.


92. Giuseppe Verdi

Soundtrack | Mad Max: Fury Road

Giuseppe Verdi was born Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi on October 10, 1813, in Le Roncole di Busseto, Parma, Italy. His parents were landowners and innkeepers. Young Verdi received his first organ lessons at the age of 7. He studied composition privately with Ferdinando Provesi in Busseto. At ...

1. Il trovatore 2. Missa da Requiem 3. Don Carlo 4. Otello 5. Rigoletto 6. Aida 7. Falstaff 8. Simon Boccanegra 9. Un ballo in maschera 10. Nabucco 11. Ernani 12. Macbeth 13. Luisa Miller 14. La traviata, Melodramma in three acts 15. I Lombardi alla prima crociata, Dramma lirico in four acts 16. La battaglia di Legnano, Tragedia lirica in four acts 17. La forza del destino, Melodramma in four acts 18. Un giorno di regno

93. Antonio Vivaldi

Soundtrack | A View to a Kill

Being the son of a violinist Vivaldi started playing the violin himself early in his life. In 1703 he became priest and in 1716 the director of a conservatory of the church in Venice. Being a famous violinist he gave concerts all over Europe also composing a lot of violin concerts and other string ...

The 4 Seasons

94. Richard Wagner

Soundtrack | Watchmen

Richard Wagner was a German composer best known for his operas, primarily the monumental four-opera cycle "Der Ring des Nibelungen". He was born Wilhelm Richard Wagner on May 22, 1813, in Leipzig, Germany. He was the ninth child in the family of Carl Wagner, a police clerk. Richard was only six ...

1. Die Walküre 2. Tristan and Isolde 3. Rheingold 4. Tannhauser 5. Siegfried 6. Meistersinger von Nurnberg 7. Parsifal 8. Gotterdaemmerung 9. Lohengrin 10. Rienzi

95. Carl Maria von Weber

Soundtrack | 45 Years

Learining all about music and instruments Von Weber moved around Germany changing his teachers once in a while. In 1813 he became "Kapellmeister" in Prague and in 1816 music director of the "Deutsche Oper" in Dresden. There he supported German operas instead of the Italian ones which were very ...

Overture to Euryanthe

96. Anton Webern

Soundtrack | The Exorcist

Mentored by Arnold Schönberg.

Drei Versuche über Anton Webern: Opus 5 - fünfter Satz

97. Charles Marie Widor

Soundtrack | Tambour de Paix

He was a French organist, composer and teacher.

Symphony for organ #5

98. Ralph Vaughan Williams

Soundtrack | Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World

Dr. Ralph Vaughan Williams was perhaps the most important English composer of the 20th Century. His influence on the development of 20th Century music was immense. Benjamin Britten and numerous film composers (Jerry Goldsmith, etc.) owe a lot to him. He created a truly contemporary idiom whose ...

Symphonies #4, #5 & #6

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