- Publication of the Petit manifeste de Suresnes (The Little Manifesto of Suresnes), where he exposed his vision of a people's theatre. Performances of Corneille's Le Cid and Kleist's Prince of Hamburg in Avignon with Gérard Philipe. He also stages a new production of Brecht's Mother Courage.
- In 1951 he was appointed director of the Théâtre du Palais de Chaillot in Paris, and restored its original name given by Gémier in 1920: Théâtre national Populaire.
- He directed Richard II by Shakespeare in the Cour d'Honneur of the Popes' Palace.
- In 1947, he organised "Une Semaine d'Art dramatique en Avignon" (A Week of Dramatic Art in Avignon), which became the Avignon Festival one year later.