Harrison Ford was adamant that he got to wield Indiana's famous whip. Paramount executives wanted the weapon to be computer generated because of new movie safety rules, but Ford branded the rule "ridiculous".
Harrison Ford convinced David Koepp to include more jokes about Indy's age in the script, believing they would help reduce the "American paranoia about aging." He also refused to dye his hair for the role, arguing Indy's appeal wasn't in his youth, but in his imagination and resourcefulness: "My ambition in action is to have the audience look straight in my face, and not the back of a stuntman's head. I hope to continue that, no matter how old I get."
Karen Allen was not aware her character was in the script until director Steven Spielberg called her in January 2007, saying, "It's been announced! We're gonna make Indiana Jones 4! And guess what? You're in it again!"
Harrison Ford has kept himself in such good shape over the years that his costume measurements for this movie had not changed from those in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989). He performed many of his own stunts, because stunt technology had become safer since 1989. He also felt it improved his performance.
When filming the scene where Indiana drives a truck through a wall, things did not go as planned. Timed explosives were used, but one explosive did not go off, and landed in the seat next to Harrison Ford.
Several weeks into production, Harrison Ford saw a blonde woman on the set and asked who she was. He was told it was Cate Blanchett, whom he had never seen out of costume and did not recognize without her black wig.
Director Steven Spielberg did not shoot this movie in digital format, which his friend and partner George Lucas had adopted. Lucas approved, seeing that it looked, in his words, "like it was shot three years after Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), you'd never know there was twenty years between shooting."
Originally, Indiana was to be up against an uprising of ex-Nazis, but Steven Spielberg felt he could not treat the Nazis lightly after directing Schindler's List (1993), and Harrison Ford felt they had "plumb wore the Nazis out." George Lucas also felt that the 1950s decade would have to take into account the Cold War, and when he heard that that Joseph Stalin had been interested in crystal skulls, he made the Soviets the script's villains.
When asked if Harrison Ford was too old to return as Indiana, producer Frank Marshall quoted Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981): "It's not the years, it's the mileage." He explained that it would be interesting to see Indy in a different decade. The age also adds to Jones as a fallible and therefore believable character. Ford spent three hours a day at the gym and subsisted on a high-protein diet of fish and vegetables to build his body into a condition where he could perform his own stunts (he always kept himself fit anyway, as he hoped to complete all five Indiana Jones movies that were originally planned in the 1980s). Steven Spielberg later stated he was so impressed with Ford's form that he could not tell the difference between the shoots for the third and fourth movies.
Sir Sean Connery was approached for a cameo appearance as Henry Jones, Sr., Indiana's father, but he turned it down, finding retirement too enjoyable. George Lucas later stated that, in retrospect, it was good that Jones, Sr. did not appear, as it would disappoint the audience when he would not come along for the adventure. Harrison Ford also joked that he was getting old enough to play his own father, so Sean wasn't needed anymore.
John Rhys-Davies was approached to reprise his character Sallah in a very brief cameo in the wedding scene. But he turned it down, because he felt that having Sallah just appear as a crowd member would cheat the audience and cheapen the character.
The Akator throne room designed by Guy Hendrix Dyas keeps up an Indiana Jones tradition by having C-3PO and R2-D2 etched into one of the yellow titles, and E.T. into another. According to the book "The Complete Making of Indiana Jones", the characters can be found somewhere in all four Indiana Jones movies.
For his role as Spalko's henchman, Dimitri Diatchenko bulked up his physique to look more menacing, arriving at two hundred fifty pounds through weightlifting. He was originally to shoot his role in ten days, since his role was a minor one. When shooting the Marshall College fight, Harrison Ford accidentally hit his chin, and Steven Spielberg liked Diatchenko's humorous reaction to the punch so much, he expanded his role, and Diatchenko spent three months filming.
Cate Blanchett and Harrison Ford had never met before this movie. The first time they were introduced was on the first day of filming, where Indiana and Spalko first meet. Blanchett said it was ideal to be introduced to him dressed as Indiana Jones, because she'd always been a big fan of the character.
The nuclear bomb test that Indiana Jones finds himself in is loosely based on the Operation Teapot atomic bomb tests of 1955, detonated on the Nevada Test Site. Most notable is the use of buildings and mannequins to observe the destructive force of the explosion, which was also featured in the nuclear bomb test in this movie. The announcements and countdown preceding the explosion are based on the Ivy Mike test of 1952, the very first detonation of a hydrogen bomb (most notably the warning "Do not remove goggles or face blast until ten seconds after first light.")
This movie has some tributes to Marcus Brody (the late Denholm Elliott): A portrait of him is shown on the wall in the hallway when Dean Charles is having the conversation with Indiana. A picture of him is set on Indiana's desk next to a picture of Henry Jones, Sr. (Sir Sean Connery), and there's a statue of Marcus in the College's court yard when the K.G.B. Agent accidentally drives the car into it. The plaque reads "In proud memory of Marcus Brody, Dean of students 1939-1944 with honor and loyalty."
Sir John Hurt wanted to read the script before he signed on. He had previously heard about actors and actresses who signed on to a Steven Spielberg movie before reading the script, since "Spielberg, you know, GOD, was doing it!" Hurt replied, "'Well, I need to have a little bit of previous knowledge even if God is doing it." The filmmakers sent a courier with the script from Los Angeles over to London, who gave the script to Hurt at three in the afternoon, reclaimed it at eight that evening, and flew back the following day. Ray Winstone mentioned a similar experience on a British talk show. He was asked if he wanted to be in the movie, and he requested to read the script. He described a young man in a suit coming to his house, drinking tea while he read it, then getting on the next plane back to America. He also noted that once the movie was over, they had to give the scripts back.
Shia LaBeouf signed on for this movie in April 2007, so excited about doing an Indiana Jones movie that he didn't even read the script. To prepare for his role as the greaser Mutt Williams, LeBeouf repeatedly watched the previous three Indiana Jones movies, as well as The Wild One (1953), Rebel Without a Cause (1955), and Blackboard Jungle (1955), in addition to gaining fifteen pounds of muscle.
The "Kung Fu Aztecs", who attacked Indiana and Mutt in the graveyard, are not as historically inaccurate as one may think. Pre-Spanish Peru Incans did in fact practice a martial art known as "Rumi Maki", which literally translates as "Hard Hands".
To prepare for her role of Irina Spalko, Cate Blanchett learned to fence and (during filming) practiced karate. She based her performance on Rosa Klebb from From Russia with Love (1963), who also has a stern manner and a bob-cut hairdo.
All three previous Indiana Jones movies featured a Bond-like mini-adventure introductory sequence that bore little or no significance to the main plot. In this movie, the main story begins immediately after the opening credits, which includes the introduction of all of the main villains, along with the secret to the crystal skull.
In the coffee shop, Indiana mocks Mutt Williams' name: Mutt (a mixed breed dog). But as stated by Henry Jones, Sr. in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), Indiana's name is also canine-related: "Indiana" was the name of the Jones' family dog.
Indiana's line, "I Like Ike" (also visible on the bomb above the test town) uses the popular slogan created by Peter G. Peterson (Commerce Secretary for Richard Nixon) for the "Draft Eisenhower movement" in 1952, the first political draft to persuade a private citizen (Dwight D. Eisenhower) to run for the Presidency.
While the previous Indiana Jones movies were a tribute to the 1930s Republic Pictures serials, the filmmakers decided to change the approach and setting of this movie. According to George Lucas, this movie was "more of a 1950's B-movie".
Director Steven Spielberg included the opening scene where the car driven by a group of students racing against a car driven by a Russian soldier as an homage to his friend George Lucas. In his youth, Lucas had a passion for car racing. In the previous movie, Spielberg included the opening prologue as an homage to his experiences as a Boy Scout.
According to the George Lucas interview from the special effects documentary included on the DVD, the concept for the giant, flesh-eating ants was lifted directly from an abandoned script for Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989).
In the scene at Marshall College, pictures of the Sankara Stones from Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) can be seen on a blackboard, along with some of the names of characters associated with the stones.
At a pre-production press conference at Yale, producer Frank Marshall said that Indiana's fictional Marshall College is indeed named after him. He quipped, "If my last name was Yale, it would be Yale College."
In the chase scene through the library, Indy responds to a question from one of his students by saying research is best obtained by getting out of the library. This seems to contradict Jones' advice in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), when he tells his students that "Seventy percent of all archeology is done in the library." (In Last Crusade, his claim that "X never, ever marks the spot" was also disproved, so Indy may have found it necessary to change his advice since then.)
Security throughout filming was very tight. One of the measures to prevent information leaks: false cast names in daily call sheets. For example, Harrison Ford was called "#", Cate Blanchett as "Mean Girl", and Karen Allen as "The Damsel".
The poster art for the movie was painted by Drew Struzan, the same artist who created the poster art for the previous two Indiana Jones movies. He took over from original Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) poster artist Richard Amsel, who died in 1985.
Disappointed fans introduced the line "Nuke the Fridge" to the colloquial English language as a replacement for "Jump the Shark" (see trivia for Happy Days (1974)) referring to the scene where Indiana Jones survives a nuclear explosion by climbing into a fridge. Both terms refer to a series having surpassed its peak and getting close to absurdity. According to David Koepp, the fridge scene was already in the third draft of the screenplay, which was written by Frank Darabont, and he liked it so much that he kept it in the final draft.
Director Steven Spielberg brought on Janusz Kaminski, who has shot all of Spielberg's movies since Schindler's List (1993), to replace the now-retired cinematographer Douglas Slocombe, who had worked on all previous Indiana Jones movies. Spielberg refused to modernize the photography, and wanted to retain the comic book style from the previous movies. Thus Kaminski had to watch all of the previous movies repeatedly, to study Slocombe's techniques. Spielberg later commented that both he and Janusz had to swallow their pride: "Janusz had to learn another cinematographer's look, and I had to acquire this younger director's look, which I thought I had moved away from after almost two decades."
Producer Frank Marshall stated that this movie would be shot the same way as the previous three, with stuntmen, and using CGI only when necessary. Before this movie entered production, director Steven Spielberg corroborated these claims, but during filming, the decision was made to employ more CGI than had originally been anticipated (Spielberg estimated at the time, that about thirty percent of visual effects would have to be CGI).
In an interview with Empire Magazine in October 2011, Steven Spielberg admitted that he never liked the MacGuffin of this movie. It was George Lucas' idea, and Spielberg only put it in the movie because of his friendship with Lucas. He said in that interview: "I am loyal to my best friend", he said. "When he writes a story he believes in, even if I don't believe in it, I'm going to shoot the movie the way George envisaged it."
The jungle chase sequence was filmed in a Hawaiian jungle, which was the closest to a primitive looking jungle the crew could find that allowed them to shoot the action in a convenient way. It had sixteen thousand acres of land, with a mile-long path running through it. The crew made their own roads adjacent to the main one, so they had plenty of space for the vehicles and the stunt doubles to do the sword fighting on the moving vehicles.
Indiana Jones does not say his signature phrase "Trust me" in this movie, Marion Ravenwood does. However, he does say "I've got a bad feeling about this", a line often used by Star Wars characters. Han Solo was played by Harrison Ford.
Before "The Kingdom of the Crystal Skull" was chosen as the title, several other titles were considered, and even registered with the MPAA in August 2007, including "The City of Gods", "The Destroyer of Worlds", "The Fourth Corner of the Earth", "The Lost City of Gold", and finally, "The Quest for the Covenant". Shia LaBeouf revealed the movie's official title during his appearance at the 2007 MTV Video Music Awards (2007).
The university sequences were filmed in New Haven, Connecticut. It marks the first time in the franchise where Indiana's classroom scenes were actually filmed in the U.S. with Americans as the students. In Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), the sequences were filmed in England with English extras.
The Staff of Moses from Cecil B. DeMille's The Ten Commandments (1956) also makes a cameo appearance in the Area 51 hangar. In the extended universe, Indiana has encountered it before (he looked for it in Indiana Jones and the Staff of Kings (2009)). The props department made a replica out of the original one. However, it is much harder to spot than the Ark's cameo appearance.
Costume designer Mary Zophres based much of the designs of the main characters on certain real-life figures. For instance, Mutt Williams (Shia LeBeouf) was based on Marlon Brando in The Wild One (1953), Irina Spalko (Cate Blanchett) was based on Marlene Dietrich, "Mac" George Michale (Ray Winstone) was based on Ernest Hemingway, and Marion Ravenwood (Karen Allen) was based on Amelia Earhart.
The "amphibious utility vehicle" used by Indiana Jones is a Russian GAZ-46. It is incorrectly thought by many people to be a U.S. World War II GPA, or amphibious Jeep. The Russians copied many U.S. and German vehicles from World War II and manufactured them, even today, such as most dump trucks are based on the Studebaker, which was leased to them.
For the shot in the warehouse, where Indiana crashes into the boxes in the utility vehicle, two five hundred-gallon air tanks were used to explode them, just as Harrison Ford hits them with the vehicle.
In the Back to the Future documentary Back in Time (2015), it's stated that the scene where Indiana survives a nuclear blast by hiding in a refrigerator was taken from an early version of the script for the first movie.
When Professor Harold Oxley (Sir John Hurt) is auto-writing, the Mayan symbols he is drawing in the notebook with one hand were actually done by an expert in Mayan script seated directly behind Hurt. It is the expert's arm doing the writing instead of Hurt.
Steven Spielberg originally wanted this movie to be released exclusively in 35mm, but changed his mind, and allowed a small digital release after being shown how this version would look. It was shown digitally at a theater if all of its projectors were digital, or if its 35mm projectors were only in smaller auditoriums.
Before "Kingdom of the Crystal Skull" was chosen as the subtitle for this movie, the original title on the original script was "Indiana Jones and the Saucer Men", because that was George Lucas' original choice for the title. He also had several other titles in mind, such as "Indiana Jones and the Attack of the Giant Ants". Steven Spielberg's wanted the movie to be called "Indiana Jones and the (blank blank) of the Mysterians", but he quickly gave up on that idea, to avoid confusion with The Mysterians (1957). Screenwriter David Koepp thought the movie should have been called "Indiana Jones and the Son of Indiana Jones". Eventually all three had settled on the movie's final title, with Lucas himself insisting on using the word "Kingdom" in the title, as opposed to "Indiana Jones and the Crystal Skull".
There are two literary references included in Harold Oxley's cryptic instructions and gibberish. The first is "Eyes that last I saw in tears" by T.S. Eliot. However it is incorrectly quoted. Ox says "Through eyes that last i saw in tears / Here in death's dream kingdom", whereas the real lines are "Eyes that last I saw in tears/ Through division/ Here in death's dream kingdom". The second quote, "To lay their just hands on that Golden Key/ That opes the Palace of Eternity", is from "Comus: A Mask Presented at Ludlow Castle, 1634" by John Milton.
In Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), Indy only has one companion who accompanies him until the end: Marion Ravenwood. In Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) he has two: Short Round and Willie Scott. In Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989) he is joined by three people: Henry Jones, Sr., Marcus Brody, and Sallah. In the fourth adventure there are four: Marion, Mutt, Charlie, and Oxley.
During the interrogation of Indiana Jones, after his escape from the KGB agents, he is accused of being a Communist. This is a reference to the Cold War anti-Communist sentiment, known as "McCarthyism", because of the investigations pursued by Senator Joseph McCarthy. (Duh, the movie's set in 1957, hello!)
It's mistakenly said that the jungle chase was filmed in front of a bluescreen. In fact, all of the sequence was filmed on a real jungle, CGI was used to add some plants and erasing areas of the ground. You can see this on the Disc 2 of the DVD.
When Mutt hands him the knife in the burial chamber, Indiana fails to say "thank you", which Boy Scouts use to indicate that they safely have the knife. The prologue of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989) revealed that Indiana was a Boy Scout in his youth.
This is the only movie in the Indiana Jones franchise where no character says "holy smokes!" In Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), it is said by Sallah (John Rhys-Davies); in Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984), it is said by Short Round (Jonathan Ke Quan); and in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), it is said by young Indiana Jones (River Phoenix).
The first movie in the franchise not to be shot at Elstree Studios in the U.K., nor to use an all British crew, nor to be photographed by Douglas Slocombe B.S.C. (who had retired many years before, and was virtually blind by this time).
When they were doing the press junkets for this movie; Spielberg famously told Shia Labeouf not to pick his nose in public. Also, Labeouf criticized the movie to the press several times after it came out: "I feel like I dropped the ball on the legacy that people loved and cherished," LaBeouf said. "...You get to monkey-swinging and things like that and you can blame it on the writer and you can blame it on Steven [Spielberg, who directed]. But the actor's job is to make it come alive and make it work, and I couldn't do it. So that's my fault. Simple." Lebeouf went on to saying later that doing this destroyed his relationship with Spielberg: Shia LaBeouf revealed that his Kingdom of the Crystal Skull comments "deeply ruptured" his relationship with Steven Spielberg: "He told me there's a time to be a human being and have an opinion, and there's a time to sell cars," LaBeouf said at the time. "It brought me freedom, but it also killed my spirits because this was a dude I looked up to like a sensei." Harrison Ford also called Shia LaBeouf a 'fucking idiot' for critizing the movie to the press as well: "I think he was a f*cking idiot," Ford said. "As an actor, I think it's my obligation to support the film without making a complete ass of myself. It's no surprise then, that after all this, LeBeaouf was fired from the Indiana Jones Franchise. A recent article about the franchise made this clear: "Shia LaBeouf will not be returning as Mutt Williams in the upcoming fifth Indiana Jones film, screenwriter David Koepp told Entertainment Weekly on Monday."
Shia Lebeaouf was fired from the franchise for making critical comments about Crystal Skull to the press after it came out. But actually; even though the other people associated with the production were more diplomatic to the press about it; everyone actually hated that movie; even reportedly Spielburg and Lucas. The only person that was happy with the whole thing was Karen Allen for being brought back in to the franchise again.
In Peru, Mutt hears Indiana speaking Quechua, a native language. Indy claims to have learned the language riding with Pancho Villa, though Villa's men were Mexican and they spoke Spanish. Some of them probably some native languages from Mexico, like Nahuatl, Otomi, or Maya, but it's unlikely any spoke Quechua from Peru.
The Thompsons that the Russians are carrying in the opening scene are the M1928A1 variant, not the M1A1 that would have been more commonly issued to the U.S. Army during World War II, and could have been in service afterward. However, M1928A1s were supplied with M3 tanks to the Soviet Union during World War II. Due to a lack of suitable ammunition, they were never issued, and put into storage. This means the Russians would have easy access to this model.
During the truck argument scene, Marion Ravenwood (Karen Allen) is tied up, as are Indiana Jones (Harrison Ford) and Mutt Williams (Shia LeBeouf). Frustrated by their arguing, Dovchenko (Igor Jijikine) takes some rags and fashions a gag, which he ties around Marion's mouth (despite this, she attempts to keep speaking). In Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981), Marion was famously left in a tent similarly tied up with a knotted handkerchief gagging her mouth. This means Karen Allen was bound and gagged in both of the "Indiana Jones" movies in which she appeared.
Much has been made about Harrison Ford, at sixty-six, being too old to play Indiana Jones, yet The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (1992) gives Indy's date of birth as 1899, making Ford's character aged fifty-eight in 1957, considerably younger than Ford's real age.
In The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (1992), the audience find out that Henry "Indiana" Jones, Jr. was born in July 1899. Since this movie is supposed to take place 1957. That makes Dr. Jones fifty-eight-years-old. In real-life, Harrison Ford was sixty-six when he made this movie. That means Ford was eight years older than the character that he portrayed.
As the military enter Hangar 51, a restaurant called Nevada's Famous Atomic Cafe is in the foreground. The Atomic Cafe is the name of a documentary about the development of nuclear warfare in the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s, and this scene is just before Indy survives a nuclear test explosion.
The story is set in 1957. As Indy is being forced to find an object in the Hangar 51 repository, it is mentioned that the Russians are looking for something he found ten years earlier. That refers to the infamous 1947 incident where some say a real alien crash-landed nearby and was covered up by the military. Indy's story to the feds corroborates how secretive his involvement was in the incident.
In his book "Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull: A photo journal", set photographer David James reveals that production designer Guy Hendrix Dyas named a hat shop on the set that featured the outside of Arnie's Diner after him: "David James - Tailor - Hatter est. 1902".
Mutt Williams was originally a nerdy kind of character, but George Lucas decided to make him Indiana's son, and give him a rebellious character, reasoning that "He needs to be what Henry Jones, Sr. thought of his son, and the curse returns to Indiana in the form of his own son. He's everything a father can't stand!"
In 2008, when Shia LaBeouf hosted Saturday Night Live (1975), his opening monologue was interrupted by an Indiana Jones fan (played by Jason Sudeikis) who attempted to guess the plot of the new Indiana Jones movie. Of his wild predictions, one of them turned out to be correct, that Shia would play the son of Indiana Jones.
When viewed at an angle, the badge of the security guard at the gate looks like a "Theta Chi" fraternity emblem. It can also be seen on the front of the Russian utility vehicle just before it goes over the largest waterfall with Indy, Mutt, Marian, and Oxley. Director Steven Spielberg is a member of that fraternity, and adds symbols and references that his brothers would recognize as "in-jokes".
This movie continues the Indiana Jones tradition of killing off the lead villain through paranormal means related to a consequence of the villain's own greed. Although the villain in Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) fell down and was eaten by alligators, this happened because of his greed for the stones, which had became red hot from (supposedly) supernatural causes and caused him to fall down.
Shortly after the spaceship departs, Indiana says to Mutt, "Why don't ya stick around, Junior?" In Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989), Henry Jones, Sr. (Sir Sean Connery) frequently addressed Indiana as "Junior", much to his irritation.
There were no less than three major drafts written for this movie, before the final re-writes by David Koepp and Jeff Nathanson. The first draft was written in 1993 by Jeb Stuart (who was recommended to George Lucas by Harrison Ford while working on The Fugitive (1993)). It was sub-titled "Saucerman from Mars", and featured many plot elements used in this movie, including the Doomtown nuclear sequence, launch bay test fight, the jungle, Russian enemies, as well as Indiana getting married in the end to a fellow scientist called Dr. Molly. The second draft, written by Jeffrey Boam in 1995, simply called "Indy IV", had Indiana searching for Noah's Ark. Boam's draft contains elements that were used in the final movie, including having Marion back, Indiana having a son (called Abner, and was described as a geek), aliens, and the main object was a crystal skull. This draft could have been used, if the movie was released in 1996, but was shelved at that time, because, according to Steven Spielberg, of the release of Independence Day (1996), which also contained aliens. The third major draft by Frank Darabont, subtitled "City of Gods", was very similar to the final movie, with Marion in it, but also has Oxley in it, but removes Mutt. Steven Spielberg reportedly loved the script (according to Darabont he called it the greatest script he'd read since Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)), but Lucas rejected it for reasons not disclosed. Koepp looked at all of this movie's previous drafts, and kept what he felt were good ideas. He tried not to make his work a "fan script", avoiding any trivial references to the previous movies. He noted that the story would have to acknowledge Ford's and Jones' age, and also aimed for the mix of comedy and adventure from the first movie, trying to make it less dark than the second movie, and and yet less comic than the third movie. Plot elements from all three drafts were used for the final script.
Indiana Jones has more monikers in this movie than in any of the other three. In addition to "Indiana", "Indy", "Dr. Jones", "Jones", and "Henry Jones, Jr.", he is called "Henry", "Jonesy", "Dad", and "Daddy-o".