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Exodus: Gods and Kings (2014) Poster

Goofs

Anachronisms 

In several scenes Ramses is depicted in bed with many luxurious pillows, however, ancient Egyptians did not use pillows, they used elaborately carved wooden headrests to sleep on.
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Anachronisms 

The horses have stirrups. This is very evident when Moses rides his horse at the stable scene. Modern stirrups were invented around 300 CE making them about 1000 years out of date for Moses.
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The plot rotates around twin blades given by old king to his two sons. The swords are leaf-shaped, about 3 ft long and made of steel. This is a dual anachronism: 1. Blade shape is wrong. Egyptian royalty at this time had a distinct melee weapon called khopesh - a sickle-shaped broadsword, that had a single slashing edge. Leaf blades were not used in Egypt in the 2nd millennium BC, they are a distinct feature of Celtic smiths of the Bronze Age. 2. Blade metal is wrong. At this time the only material used for blades was bronze - it's still Bronze Age. First reliable evidence of iron metallurgy appears only a few centuries later, circa 11th cent BC. Iron blades 3 ft long required amount of metal and technologies that became available no sooner than 8th cent. BC. Steel of quality shown on screen appears only in 8-9th cent. AD - 2000 years after the film events.
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Archers are shown firing from horseback. This type of mounted archery was not developed until at least 400 years after the movie's timeline.
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Throughout the film the horses are all shown with horseshoes. Horseshoes were not generally used outside Europe for almost another 1500 years.
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The Great Sphinx of Giza appears in one scene, looking very much like it does today. However at the time of Moses the Sphinx would likely have still had its nose, although we do not know when exactly it was lost. While the common story about Napoleon's soldiers using the Sphinx as a target for shooting practice (thus breaking off its nose) is proved to be untrue, there is no proof as to when the Sphinx lost its nose. There is a story about a ruler damaging the Sphinx in the 14th century, but the historian mentioning it also mentions the destruction of the ears (which clearly did not happen, therefore casting doubt on the whole story). The only thing we know for a fact is that the nose was gone by 1737 when British artist and marine architect Norden sketched the Sphinx without its nose.
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The funeral service for the old Pharaoh seems to be taking place in Abu Simbel - this was built during the reign of Ramses II, so couldn't exist yet when his father dies. The battle of Kadesh was later in his reign not before he became Pharaoh.
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In the wedding scene, a beautiful cactus can be seen. Cacti did not exist in Egypt until few hundred years ago.
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The film shows Jews building pyramids. The last pyramid was built for Ahmose I ca 1525 BCE. The Jews didn't arrive in Egypt until the mid-1200's BCE if Ramses II was actually the pharaoh of the Exodus.
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Moses says he's grandson of Horemheb. If this were true, either his mother would have been the 18th dynasty pharaoh daughter and likely be the wife of the current pharaoh, certainly not his sister. Or Moses couldn't be the grandson of Horemheb.
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In several scenes the Hebrews have writings in the Phoenician alphabet. That alphabet was first developed about 300 years later.
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The song played during Moses and Zipporah's wedding is in Turkish, a Turkic language developed much later.
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The song played during Moses and Zipporah's wedding is in modern Turkish. Turkic languages were developed many centuries later - and in Central Asia.
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Audio/visual unsynchronised 

Ramses is speaking out of sync when he talks to the gathered Hebrews.
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As Moses retrieves his sword from the receding waters of the Red Sea, it makes a 'metal upon metal' sound, even though the blade is rubbing against wet sand.
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Continuity 

When Moses discovers the river of blood, the film is flipped; Christian Bale's mole appears on the left side of his nose.
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The scenes where Moses crosses the Red Sea were shot on the beach of Cofete (Fuerteventura). If you take a careful look at the backgrounds before he leaves you'll see that Moses actually arrives in the same place where he left. They just shot the first scenes with a view to the north and most of the later scenes with a view to the south. Nevertheless you will see a few backgrounds that are identical.
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Errors in geography 

Before the crossing of the Red Sea the Hebrew have just awoken after a nights sleep. But their shadows seem to indicate that they are on a western coast (or that the sun is about to set).
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Factual errors 

Pyramids were never located inside cities of the living, only in cities of the dead.
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Pithom (nowadays Tell el-Maskhuta) is located in a flat Nile delta landscape, not in a mountainous region.
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When Ramses is leading the chariots into the first battle, he shouts "fire" and the archers loose their arrows. Fire is only used when using firearms. With arrows it is "shoot" or "loose".
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Instead of the blue battle crown, Ramses seems to wear a queen's vulture crown and instead of the double crown (Pschent, white and red) for coronation, he seems to wears a cylinder.
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Studying animal entrails to foretell the future is an Etruscan/Roman religious practice, not Ancient Egyptian.
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When Nun first tells Moses about the prophecy of his birth and how he came to live in the palace, he tells Moses only the first born males were ordered killed. Moses, however, is the youngest child; his older siblings are Aaron and Miriam - whom Nun even mentions when he tells Moses who he really is, and that Miriam placed him in a basket into the Nile. The actual edict was that all male Hebrews be drowned.
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The Biblical Exodus, if it ever did happen, certainly did not occur in the reign of Ramesses II. Whereas the Pharaoh of the Exodus was a relatively-weak leader and had a short, briefly-prosperous reign that turned disastrous, Ramesses II was one of the strongest, most successful, and long-lived Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. There is also no evidence of either the plagues or of any pursuit of escaping slaves led by him, and almost all of the events of the Exodus cannot be reconciled with his reign or time period.
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This movie shows the Pyramids being built, but they were built long before the Hebrews were slaves, during the Old Kingdom.
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Hanging as a means of execution was non-existent in ancient Egypt where drowning, beheading and crucifixion were common. There is no historic record of any circumstance that could produce explosions as depicted in the Hebrew arson scene.
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Miscellaneous 

Although the movie was criticized for white-washing, Ancient Egyptians were not ethnically similar to modern Sub-Saharan Africans. Their genetic make-up was more similar to Semitic, Turkish, and European populations. Specifically Ramses II was a white red-head, as were half of his close family. (see Ramses II's mummy, his family's mummies, which still exist, and the latest DNA studies on Ancient Egyptian demographics).
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Incorrectly regarded as goofs 

Camels were present in Egypt since the Early Dynastic Period (3150-2686 BC) which ended over a thousand years before the reign of Ramesses II. When historians say that camels were introduced in "North Africa" by the Romans, they actually mean in the Maghreb (modern Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia), which the Romans called Africa (Tunisia and eastern Algeria) and Mauritania (Morocco and western Algeria).
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See also

Trivia | Crazy Credits | Quotes | Alternate Versions | Connections | Soundtracks

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